For the last two decades I have been telling my students that Africa will one day rise, and it looks the time has arrived for a triumphant and jubilant Africa. The golden jubilee of the founding of the OAU (now AU) thus would not simply be a gathering of African heads of states and governments, a conventional conference with underpinning conventional wisdoms, but a landmark in the history of the continent that signals the preliminary achievements of the Lion Kings. It will also signal that, at long last, the sun people have managed to overcome centuries old of obstacles and a new morning has indeed broken in the African continental landscape.
Ethiopia: BBC Reports Ethiopia Has One of World's Fastest Growth Rates
By Zeryhun Kassa, 20 May 2013
Once known for its famines and dependency on foreign aid, Ethiopia now has one of the world's fastest growth rates. This is a report by the BBC in connection to the 50th African Union Anniversary gathering pace to be celebrated in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
The report says some of that growth is coming from small businesses - and George Alagiah has been to a shoe factory with a difference in Addis Ababa. Following is the full text of the story George produces from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Corruption is a very intriguing concept in theory and an
elusive human conduct enmeshed in bizarre and rather subtle but toxic
human activity, and it is manifested in different forms, as well as
assumes different scales and scopes. To be sure, unless there is a system
in place to monitor corruption or there is a political system strong
enough to mitigate, if not eliminate this disease, it could pervade the
larger society like a malignant cancer.
Purchase one book & get the second one for Free
October 3, 2011
The Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA), Inc. once again is launching Cultures That We Must Preserve and Reject (Tigrigna and Amharic), authored by Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia. Subscribers interested in buying the book must indicate their selection (Amharic or Tigrigna) and if they decide to purchase the book, they will get Advice to the Son & In Memory to the Father by Belaten Geta Herouy Wolde Selassie for free.
Subscribers must send a check in the amount of $18.00 (this includes shipping and handling), payable to Ghelawdewos Araia, to 1199 Whitney Avenue Suite 523, Hamden, CT 06517
For further information, please call (203) 789-1990 or email
Ethiopia to Open First Industrial Zone to Bolster Economy
By William Davison Source Bloomberg
Ethiopia will spend 900 million birr ($49 million) to open its first industrial hub for export- oriented manufacturers in a bid to deliver faster economic growth, Industry Minister Mekonnen Manyazewal said.
South Korean garment-makers are among companies in talks with the government about establishing operations at the planned site in the capital, Addis Ababa, Mekonnen said in an interview in the city on March 15. The facility is scheduled to open before the fiscal year ends on July 7, he said.
Pascal Lamy Guest of Honor of a
Pascal Lamy, Director General, WTO officiated the signing of a MoU between Global Development Network
(GDN) and CUTS International on research and capacity building in developing countries on
trade and competition, on 30 January 2013, New Delhi.
Speaking on the challenges of global governance at the forum, Lamy said "The current deadlock in international discussions on trade or on climate change and other global issues find their sources in the big geopolitical transformation that accompanies the rise of emerging countries in the world economy." He added that consensus is still lacking on the balance of contributions and benefits between the US, the
EU, Japan and the like on the one side, and India, China, Brazil and the like on the other side, particularly on the Doha Round.
Ghelawdewos Araia�s New Book 2013 Release�
Democracy, Devolution of Power, and The Developmental State
Note: The Book is a comprehensive survey of democracy, devolution of power, and the developmental state in Ethiopia and critical and comparative analyses of contemporary Ethiopian politics and development programs as indicated in the various chapters. The seventeen chapters of the book are designed to cater scholarly research methodologies and paradigms for academic circles and to serve as handbook for politicians, policymakers as well as political scientists and political economists.
From Economic Dependency and Stagnation to Democratic Developmental State: Essays on the Socio-Political and Economic Perspectives of Ethiopia Desta, Asayehgn Ph.D. Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable Economic Development, Dominican University of California of ventures.
Fully convinced that the Japanese kaizen management model would be an effective strategy for latecomers like Ethiopia to industrialization and realizing that the contribution of the manufacturing sector to GDP is only about 5 %, employees of thirty pilot companies from Ethiopia were sent to Japan. Chapter 8 therefore reviews the literature and develops a conceptual framework for assessing the transferability of the Japanese �kaizen� management techniques to manufacturing plants in Ethiopia.
Ethiopian Diaspora Politics and the People of Tigray Ghelawdewos Araia�
IDEA Viewpoint February 2, 2013
I like to underscore that I am not shaken by the Mickey Mouse politics of Ethiopian Diaspora, who are regretfully a spent force; on the contrary I am at ease with what the Ethiopian people are doing at Home, including the inspiring and hope elevating performance of Ethiopians in such events as �Ethiopian Nationalities Day� and in celebrating their Ethiopian unity. The Ethiopian people have reaffirmed to the world, time and again, that they are steadfast in their unity and their Ethiopian heritage. They have reiterated on many occasions that they would work in unison to transform Ethiopia. I would urge the Ethiopian Diaspora to catch up with Ethiopians at Home and refrain from campaigning against the people of Tigray. The Diaspora has still a chance to safely exit from its current mess and engage in concerted actions that could benefit their motherland.
Re: What language should Ethiopians speak? Fiseha Haftetsion January 31, 2013
I am writing this piece in response to Dr. Ghelawdewos Araya�s article entitled �what language should Ethiopians speak?� published on June 4, 2012 by
www.africanidea.org that was inspired, as he said, by my draft article entitled �choosing a working language in multiethnic nations: rethinking Ethiopia�s working language policy�.
Nigeria: Implement Policies On Agricultural Extension for Food Sustainability - DON
26 JANUARY 2013
Prof. Oluwasegun Adekunle of the Department of Agricultural Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, has urged the Federal Government to implement policies on agricultural extension for food sustainability.
Adekunle, who made the call on Saturday while delivering a lecture entitled: "Key to Unlock" in Ilorin, said for any government to succeed in the agriculture sector, it must implement good policies on agricultural extension
Namibia: The Reality of School vs Education
BY PATRICK SAM, 28 JANUARY 2013 OPINION
THIS article discusses the reality of schools and its implication on education. In modern society, the idea of schools is highly popularized under the assumption that schooling guarantees education, and an education guarantees social mobility. "Back to school, back to reality," were the lyrics of a song traditionally aired on national radio.
Ethiopia�s Diaspora Contribution to Ethiopia�s Development IDEA Editorial January 18, 2013
The present generation of Ethiopia is challenged by a calling from the motherland, not to cash-in but to pitch-in for the development of the country, and as Frantz Fanon once aptly put it, �each generation must, out of relative obscurity, discover its mission, fulfill it or betray it.�
Professional Vacancies in Ethiopian Regional States
There are plenty of professional openings currently demanded by the respective regional states of Ethiopia. Qualified Ethiopians in the Diaspora are entitled to apply by presenting their credentials to the region of their choice and the contact person of the regions.
Africa: Raising the Bar on Agricultural Innovation
By Wendy Atkins, 8 January 2013
Technological innovation, especially in mobile, will be critical to improving agricultural productivity, but R&D funding must be ramped up after years of neglect
When Ismail Serageldin, director of the Library of Alexandria, told the World Intellectual Property
Organization (WIPO) that global population growth meant food production would have to increase by 70 percent by 2050, using the same amount of water, he identified agricultural innovation as the key to solving the problem. With global efforts to improve
fertilizer quality, harvesting technology and water resources, what role can R&D and mobile communications play in transforming agriculture in Africa?
Zambia: Govt Introduces Distance-Learning Education
Programmes. THE government has introduced distance-learning education programmes from grades eight to twelve in its effort to attain Education for All goals.Launching the 'Alternative Upper Basic and High School
Programmes' at Kabulonga High School yesterday, education deputy minister Gunston Chola said the ministry recognised the right for every Zambian to have good quality education and focused on key factors of educational provision such as access, equity and quality maintenance at all level.
FG to Furnish Engineering Laboratories in Polytechnics
The Federal Government has secured funds from the Petroleum Technology Development Funds
(PTDF) to furnish the engineering laboratories of one Federal Polytechnic in each of the six geographical zones of the country.
Africa�s wealth and Western poverty of thought
A response to J. Peter Pham�s New York Times� article on the Congo, November 30, 2012
Toussaint Kafarhire Murhula, S.J.2012-12-13, Issue 610
Specifically and to begin with, Mr Pham offers a cost-effective alternative to the squandering of international humanitarian resources that could be reallocated in a better way to relief and development, if the Congo were allowed to fall apart and to break into smaller states that would better governed. He views the UN Security Council�s support of the �sovereignty, independence, unity, and territorial integrity� of what he characterizes as a fictional state as a costly in terms of lives and resources.
history of Mali is inextricably concatenated to the history of ancient
Ghana (not to be confused with present-day Ghana), Songhay, and
Kanem-Borno, civilizations that thrived in Western Africa between 700 and
1500 CE. These civilizations were collectively known as the Niger Valley
civilizations, and Mali was at the center of all this.
AU Peace and Security Council delays Abyei�s referral to January meeting
December 14, 2012 (KHARTOUM) � African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) decided to stick to its acceptance to a proposal aiming to hold a referendum next year in Abyei, but did not refer it to the Un Security Council.
Member of the AUHIP, and AUPSC commissioner Ramtane Lamamra, in a meeting held on Friday 14 Dec 2012 to discuss the implementation of the Cooperation Agreement Khartoum and Juba signed on 27 Sept. 2012 (Photo African Union)
In a communiqu� released on Saturday morning, the AUPSC referred "the determination on the issue of the Final Status of Abyei to its meeting at the level of the Heads of State and Government, to be held on the margins of the 21st Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union, in Addis Ababa, in January 2013."
outlets and members of Egypt's highest court, an eyewitness said.
. Some polling stations witnessed high turnout, others did not.
. Some Salafis (ultraconservatives) were seen outside one polling station trying to convince voters to vote
. Some voters complained that ballots were not stamped while a judge complained that there were not
enough staff members to assist voters.
. United States envoy in Egypt Anne Patterson visited some polling stations.
Brave New Voices Trailer
All over the United States, a new generation of poets is emerging. Our HBO series captures teenagers picking up the pen and taking hold of the microphone with passion, intelligence, creativity, honesty and power.
Watch the trailer for the original HBO special Brave New Voices and then watch on HBO ON DEMAND. The poets perform some of their best stuff from start to finish. Watch bonus clips now online. Click post title to view.
the political platform with a slogan of �change� that you have met partially but not completely. As a result, a significant number of your supporters, especially the young men and women, were confused, disenfranchised, and some of them disgruntled. But they have not opted for quid pro quo, and on the contrary, on Election Day, they came out in significant numbers to make sure that you are re-elected. This, we believe, is a reaffirmation on the part of your supporters that they have faith on you and you should consider yourself as very lucky man, but it is time for you to pay back. Therefore, here are below is a repertoire of what you need to do:
November 2, 2012
Rodolfo Graziani has been dead for the last fifty-seven years, but in 2012 the village of Affile in Italy attempted to resuscitate him by erecting a monument on
his behalf and the lingering fascist sympathizers. The mayor of Affile, Signor Ettore Viri has been criticized for deciding to dedicate a bust for Graziani, but contrary to negative public reaction, he bragged about his commitment to Graziani by saying, �the head is a dedication of a citizen.� Yes, Graziani could be a citizen and a hero to Ettore Viri and the fascist riffraff, but to Africans he is a butcher fascist murderer.
undersigned Catellini Fulvio, born in Prato on 1/25/1963 and living
(Prato), Montalese Street 299, an Italian citizen, enrolled as member of
A.N.P.I. (National Association of Partisans of Italy) puts forward and
asks, as indicated below, how the mayor of Affile (Rome), Ercole Viri, has
unveiled the mausoleum to Rodolfo Graziani, built with funds given by the
region. For this project has been spending a sum of at least 1300.00
pounds that it seems is funded by the Lazio Region.
by Awgania Yecunoamlak from Italian into English
Ethiopia: What the World Bank Thinks About Ethiopia
21 October 2012
Thinking beyond dogmas is typical of Guang Z. Chen, the resident country director of the World Bank Group (WBG) in Ethiopia. An educational background that took him between the two poles of the existing world, his country of origin, China, and the global superpower, United States, might have contributed to his ability to easily and smoothly sail through the overlapping waters.
Q: Before two weeks, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has released its Article IV Consultation Staff Report, in which it has provided its view of the Ethiopian macroeconomic environment. The report recommends for the government to facilitate deep structural changes in the economy with a focus on the private sector. Do you share their view?
The unexpected election of Hassan Sheikh
Mohamud, an educator and civil society activist, as the new president of Somalia, has aroused hopes of a new start in that country.
But the stubborn realities he and other Somalis face include not only the continuing threat from Al Shabaab, which
launched a suicide assassination attack on the new president on September 12. Even more daunting is the challenge of
embedded corruption in the government he will head, which has been fostered by a long history of external
best time is ahead
By Berhan Ahmed Friday, 7 September 2012
For the first time in history, African countries have enjoyed a period of strong and sustained growth. The booming African economy has transformed the prospects for ordinary Africans across the continent. According to The Economist, six of the fastest growing economies in the world - Angola, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Chad, Mozambique and Rwanda - are in Africa. Investment in Africa gives greater returns than in any other developing region of the world. The growth in Africa as a whole from 2000-2010 was a little behind Asia, but India and China account for most of that growth.
essay intends to critically examine the challenges that Ethiopians
encounter at this juncture of their history and what they ought to do in
the ongoing development and transformation of their nation. In many of my
writings, I have reiterated time and again and underscored the
significance of collective, communal, and harmonious endeavor in nation
building. We must all understand that it is our obligation to pitch in the
dynamic development process (that I will fully address in my forthcoming
major scholarly work) and not simply observe as bystanders and watch as if
miraculously manna is going to drop from heaven.
Meles Zenawi and the unfinished project of Ethiopian modernity
By Teodros Kiros
The recent death of Meles Zenawi, the architect of Ethiopian modernity has sent tremors of moral shock to the Ethiopian state and other African states, engaged in the murky business of capitalist modernity.
The strategic Meles attempted to modernize Ethiopia through a market economy, jettisoning the socialist alternative, which characterized, the earlier project of revolutionary Ethiopian modernity, which Meles, following the visions of Chinese thinkers dubbed, the Developmental State.
the maxim goes, with all the best intentions in the world some sorrow
remains, and there is no doubt that the family and extended family of
Meles Zenawi are in deep sorrow for his untimely departure. Before I delve
into the remembrance notes I like to extend my condolences to Azieb (Gola)
Mesfin and his children.Meles
will be remembered for many things of his contributions, including the
conception and plan of Agriculture Development-Led Industrialization (ADLI),
a blue print for Ethiopia�s development; for his leadership in the
establishment of higher institutions of learning (at least twenty
universities have been established under his leadership) and the expansion
of schools in the urban and rural areas; for his leadership in road
construction and major development infrastructures such as the Millennium
Dam; for his leadership in various capacities in the African Union (AU),
including his chairmanship of New African Partnership for Development (NEPAD).
Zenawi and the unfinished project of Ethiopian modernity
By Teodros Kiros
The recent death of Meles Zenawi, the architect of Ethiopian modernity has
sent tremors of moral shock to the Ethiopian state and other African
states, engaged in the murky business of capitalist modernity.
The strategic Meles attempted to modernize Ethiopia through a market
economy, jettisoning the socialist alternative, which characterized, the
earlier project of revolutionary Ethiopian modernity, which Meles,
following the visions of Chinese thinkers dubbed, the Developmental
dialogue, guided by a more loadstar, and propelled by the public reason of
the Ethiopian people must lead the way.The precondition for our proposal, however, is the unity of the
Ethiopian people and as per the wisdom of Corinthians and our forefathers,
we urge our fellow Ethiopians to be �completely united with only one
thought and one purpose.�
Ethiopia: Police Arrest Muslim Protesters As Clashes Continue
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle, 22 July 2012
Addis Ababa � Ethiopian police on Sunday said that they had arrested several people after violent clashes between police and Muslim protesters continued on Saturday in the capital, Addis Ababa.
The clash occurred at Anawar Mosque following noon prayers. "Protesters blocked worshipers from leaving the Mosque compound. They hold them hostage until riot police forces took situation under control" Deputy Police commissioner Girma Kassa said.
Proposed Federal Gov�t Budget Embraces Macroeconomic Loopholes; Risky!
Both proponents and critics of the Revolutionary Democrats concur that ambition is their defining character. They have carried it through two decades of leading this rather volatile nation. It has existed in the highs and lows of their time in power, as if it is the oxygen of their administration.
Ethiopia: Genomics and African Queens
21 June 2012 AllAfrica.com
Researchers have started to unveil the genetic heritage of Ethiopian populations, who are among the most diverse in the world, and lie at the gateway from Africa. They found that the genomes of some Ethiopian populations bear striking similarities to those of populations in Israel and Syria, a potential genetic legacy of the Queen of Sheba and her companions.
The team detected mixing between some Ethiopians and non-African populations dating to approximately 3,000 years ago. The origin and date of this genomic admixture, along with previous linguistic studies, is consistent with the legend of the Queen of Sheba, who according to the Ethiopian Kebra Nagast book had a child with King Solomon from Israel and is mentioned in both the Bible and the
What Language Should Ethiopians Speak?
Ghelawdewos Araia June 4, 2012
This essay attempts to resolve the age-old controversy of the use of one language in Ethiopia as a lingua franca or a working language, and will discuss the anatomy of language, not only in its narrow definition related to the mechanical facilitation of communication but also in its broader conception of expressing and embodying culture in the micro and macro senses.The power of emotive language could be gained via indigenous languages only. I have had the opportunity to experience the power of language,
These graduate students
that you see in the group photo below were in my classes, Global Political
Economy and Research in International Studies (IS 597 70 and IS 598 70
respectively) at Central Connecticut State University (CCSU). Most of them
have taken several classes with me, including International Diversity and
Integration (IS 571 70); some of them have already begun developing their
theses (see topics in parenthesis against their names); they are a dynamic
and cohesive group in the midst of Blue Devils and they have a bright
future ahead of them. I WISH THEM ALL THE BEST!
Libya: Deserting Refugees in the Sahara
By Rebecca Murray, 13 May 2012
Kufra � As dusk settles over the isolated Saharan town Kufra, young guards order a few hundred migrants lined up at a detention centre to chant "Libya free, Chadians out", before they kneel down for evening prayers.
Most of the prisoners in the small, squalid compound called the Freedom Detention Centre - run by Kufra's military council - are from Chad. Hundreds more, from Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia, were moved to bigger facilities due to overcrowding.
Almost 1,000 miles from the Mediterranean coast in Libya's desolate southeast desert, the Kufra oasis strategically lies near the long and porous borders of Egypt, Sudan and Chad.
Sudan Conditions Pullout of Abyei On Forming Administrative Body
Khartoum � The Sudanese government has conditioned withdrawal of its troops from Abyei on the formation of an administrative body as agreed with South Sudan last year, warning that otherwise a vacuum would be created in the hotly-contested region.
South Sudan has already pulled out troops from Abyei last week, prompting the African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN) to call on Khartoum to follow suit.
The move followed a UN Security Council's resolution ordering the two countries to withdraw troops from disputed border regions and resume negotiations on post-secession issues with a three-month deadline to conclude them.
A Season of War in the Horn of Africa
Can another all out war be prevented?
At the London Conference on Somalia this year, a plan of ac�tion was unveiled to find a way out of that conflict. But with underlying tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea, and charges that the London conference was little more than a PR exercise to �rubber stamp� a solution designed by international actors, little was accomplished. Our panel of speakers will address the current dilemma and explore pathways to peace
Date Apr. 26. 2012
Time: 6.30p.m-9.00 p.m
Contact # 212-244-3123
to RSVP: email@example.com
Speakers Ghelawdewos Araia,Kassahun Checole
and Said Samatar
146 W 29th St
New York, NY (map)
40.747288 -73.992157 We're between 6th and 7th aves. on the 7th floor
At the London Conference on Somalia in February, a plan of action was unveiled to find a way out of the conflict in Somalia. But with underlying tensions between Ethiopia and Eritrea, and charges that the London conference was little more than a PR exercise to �rubber stamp� a solution designed by international actors, little was achieved. On April 26, the Africa Roundtable will host a panel of distinguished scholars, activists, and academics from the region to explore pathways to peace. Please join us in
welcoming Profs. Ghelawdewos Araia, Kassahun Checole, and Said Samatar
for a provocative dialogue on this important topic. Your questions will be entertained after the talk.
Africa is in trouble. Its future is once again on the table,
and it is Europe that holds the ace. Unlike the Berlin Conference of 1884 to 1885 which balkanized Africa among 13
European powers as guaranteed sources of raw materials and market, the current contraption under the Economic
Partnership Agreements (EPAs) spearheaded from Brussels is the modern day equivalent of the Berlin Conference.
President Obama Welcomes President Mills of Ghana to the White House
Distinguished Professor of Sustainable International Economic Development
University of California
the emancipation of the Rio Conference of 1992 and the Johannesburg
Conference of 2002, Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) has been
regarded as the key component of implementing sustainable development.In particular, the Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET)
for entrepreneurs has been identified as a vehicle for the implementation
of education for sustainable development.To assess the effective integration of ESD in TVET, four of the six
case studies undertaken by UNESCO in 2009 in Eastern and Southern Africa(i.e., Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, and Mauritius) were reviewed by the
author to solicit information as to whether the objectives of ESD have
been achieved by the TVET programs.
Fisseha Abraha, the Family man from the North
By Teodros Kiros
Few are genuinely brave. Brave are those who are made out of moral discipline
and still disposition. Such rare individuals blend in one whole -compassion
Such was Fisseha Abraha, the gallant man from the north. A brother to Seeye
Abraha, an Ethiopian hero, Fisseha has paid heavy price for speaking power to
truth and was imprisoned in Ethiopian dungeon on false charges. Those days in
prison have cost him his health. It is said that while in prison he was confined with six hundred others whose sweats were literally dropping on his
body against which he attempted to protect himself by covering himself with
plastic bags to no avail.
any event, notwithstanding the inaccuracy with respect to the pan-African
movement and the founding of the Organization of African Unity (OAU,
renamed African Union �AU � in 1999), controversies in whatever form
presented, and insofar they are substantive, are healthy and must be
encouraged. In the latter spirit, thus, I like to join the chorus but only
with a fervid intention of presenting a scholarly-cum-historical synopsis
of pan-Africanism, a powerful movement that incidentally paved the way for
the founding of the OAU.
the mystery of where the Queen of Sheba derived her fabled treasures
A British excavation has struck archaeological gold with a discovery that may solve the mystery of where the Queen of Sheba of biblical legend derived her fabled treasures.
Almost 3,000 years ago, the ruler of Sheba, which spanned modern-day Ethiopia and Yemen, arrived in Jerusalem with vast quantities of gold to give to King Solomon. Now an enormous ancient goldmine, together with the ruins of a temple and the site of a battlefield, have been discovered in her former territory.
Louise Schofield, an archaeologist and former British Museum curator, who headed the excavation on the high Gheralta plateau in northern Ethiopia, said: "One of the things I've always loved about archaeology is the way it can tie up with legends and myths. The fact that we might have the Queen of Sheba's mines is extraordinary."
A Very Important Book on Ethiopian Traditional Medicine
The Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA), Inc. invites all to read this very important book (Amharic) entitled Ethiopian Traditional Medicine in Scientific Perspective: Herbal Medicine. The author, Dr. Fekadu Fulas, a Ph.D. in pharmacognosy (study of medicinal drugs obtained from plants and other natural sources) has presented a well-researched and well-written book on Ethiopian traditional herbal medicine.
Important themes discussed in the book range from the knowledge of chemical properties of herbs, to the various types of herbs and their usage in North America, Europe, China, Africa, and Ethiopia (Chapter 1).
Chapter 2 is about the history of Ethiopian traditional medicine; regulation to control the medicines; on diseases; etiology and side effects of traditional medicine; and branches of traditional medicine and the training of
Access Capital adds its own to the on-going debate on Ethiopia�s economic performance
By Keffyalew Gebremedhin
Access�s view of two pillars of development
Access Capital just published its third Ethiopia: Macroeconomic Handbook 2011-2012, to sell its views and ideas on prospects and problems of Ethiopia�s economy. The handbook contains several useful data on activities of the different sectors of the national economy, accompanied by analyses from a business perspective that Access Capital truly represents with lots of hunger and drive.
Interview on Contemporary Ethiopia: Lessons Learned
Desta, Asayehgn Ph.D.
On January 17, 2012, I read an interesting interview given to the Ethiopian Observer website by Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia. Generally, if we look at it from the standpoint of art, a discourse between a journalist and an interviewee is very intriguing. But, what was amazing to me was the relevance of the questions used by the interviewer (Ethio-observer). They caught my eyes, vibrated my brain, and highly motivated me to read and examine the content of the interview process and learn from the interviewee.
The types of questions used by the interviewer were very instructive, well prepared, and objectively designed to elicit the expert views of the well-known and highly respected historian and political economist, Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia. In short, the questions were well researched and the interviewer seemed to have read the enumerable articles and books authored by Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia.
US sets eyes on Africa
By Jenny Lei Ravelo on 19 January 2012
There�s more to Africa than just war, famine and drought, and the United States is quick to see this as it boosts investments in the region
At the �Opportunity: Africa� conference, held in Wilmington, Del., the heads of the U.S. Agency for International Development and the Millennium Challenge Corp. spoke of their latest work in the fast-emerging region.
USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah said the agency launched a major effort to move 30 percent of its funding this year to the private sector, entrepreneurs and local civil society organizations in Africa. MCC CEO Daniel Yohannes, meanwhile, said the agency is investing in roads, airports and ports in Africa to expand trade and commerce in the region. He said MCC is constructing a new terminal at the Bamako Airport in Mali and rehabilitating major roads in Tanzania.
Africa: Kenya - Impunity & Elections, 1
"Public support for the ICC remains high. A majority of the respondents - 64 per cent - are happy that the ICC is pursuing the six suspects. ... the perception that the government is unlikely to conduct genuine investigations, or prosecute powerful individuals, has sustained high support for the ICC as the justice mechanism of last resort." - Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation (KNDR) Monitoring Project, January 2012
Opening a very complex year of legal and political developments in Kenya, the International Criminal Court today issued pre-trial indictments against four prominent Kenyan political figures, including rival presidential candidates William Ruto and Uhuru Kenyatta, for crimes during the post-electin violence in late 2007 and 2008 (see http://www.icc-cpi.int /direct URL http://tinyurl.com/7ysluo5) Charges were also issued against Cabinet Secretary Francis Muthaura and radio executive Joshua Arap Sang. Charges were not filed against two other suspects, Postal Corporation chief Hussein Ali and suspended government minister Henry
Interview on contemporary Ethiopia January 17, 2012
Ethioobserver has conducted a comprehensive interview on major issues and current affairs pertaining to Ethiopia with Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia, and while we are pleased to present a discussion forum to our subscribers, we also like to extend our deepest gratitude to the interviewee for his cooperation and his time.
Ethioobserver: What is your advise to Meles Zenawi and the EPRDF regarding the overall governance and politics in Ethiopia?
Dr. Ghelawdewos: My advice could be two-penny worth, but it is at least clear and simple. Meles and the EPRDF should completely change (if they could) their exclusive domination of state power and accommodate opposition parties like Forum;
By Nancy Wick, University of Washington
(Seattle) | January 8, 2012
Raymond Jonas went to the Boston Museum of
Fine Arts one day when he was in town for
a conference, aiming to see an exhibit of
European art. But on the way out, he
stumbled onto a photography exhibit with
one arresting image.
Tragedy of South Sudan IDEA Viewpoint Ghelawdewos Araia, Ph.D. January 9, 2011 In 1997, I had serious concerns with the conflict-ridden Horn of Africa
and attempted to address the political instability surrounding Eritrea,
Ethiopia, Somalia, and Sudan. I suggested that members of the
Inter-Governmental Agency for Development (IGAD), the United States, and
the United Nations engage in concerted efforts to peacefully resolve the
conflicts. I further argued, “Members of IGAD must utilize their Agency
to promote peace and not war. For one thing, the continuation of war for
the peoples of Eritrea and Ethiopia (who were yearning for peace for three
decades) would be totally unfair, and for another development agendas will
be curtailed and altogether stifle any meaningful reconstruction. …To
avoid the coming political quagmire, peaceful resolution to the conflict
should be initiated by IGAD members themselves, i.e.
In a very recent wise article, (Ethiopians Must Garner A Higher Form of Unity in
Light of Kebede Michael Vision, Ghelawdewos Araia December 27, 2011) Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia advises us to aim at discovering our higher selves and garner
a higher form of unity in light of Kebede Michael’s Vision, and disembark from
the destructive path of hammering on obsessions with the psychological makeup
of our leaders. He alternatively suggests that:
Modern Ethiopian History Series
The Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA) presents modern Ethiopian history in the context of diplomatic reports and dispatches. This series of publications would enable Ethiopian historians and scholars on Ethiopian history to galvanize their research toward writing theses, dissertations and books. In a classroom setting, teachers and/or professors can cite them for the purpose of historical discourse.
Ethiopian Illicit Outflows Doubled In 2009, New Report Says
Ethiopia lost $11.7 billion to outflows of ill-gotten gains between 2000 and 2009, according to a coming report by Global Financial Integrity.
That’s a lot of money to lose to corruption for a country that has a per-capita GDP of just $365. In 2009, illicit money leaving the country totaled $3.26 billion, double the amount in each of the two previous years. The capital flight is also disturbing because the country received $829 million in development aid in 2008.
According to GFI economist Sarah Freitas, who co-authored the report, corruption, kickbacks and bribery accounted for the vast majority of the increase in illicit outflow
“The scope of Ethiopia’s capital flight is so severe that our conservative US$3.26 billion estimate greatly exceeds the US$2 billion value of Ethiopia’s total exports in 2009,” Freitas wrote in a blog post on the website of the Task Force on Financial Integrity and Economic Development.
The face is elegantly thin. The eyes are large. The mouth is slightly open,
betraying an ambiguous smile. The forehead is big, born to think for the
Ethiopian world by being the voice of the voiceless, the eyes of all those who
cannot see, the healer of all those whom he touched and the caring mind of
those who cannot think freely, lest they are silenced by the guns of tyranny.
in retrospect, the phrases “we may not figure out the definite
trajectory of the movements,” and “we must be cautiously
optimistic,” could be argued, they were statements in anticipation of
the second gathering of the Egyptian people at Tahrir Square in the last
week of November of 2011 to demand democratic civilian rule in
troubled Horn of Africa Region, epitomized by the torn-apart Somali
nation, whose people seem to have opted for an intriguing and paradoxical
decision to dismember their own country. For all practical purposes, at
this juncture of history, the Republic of Somalia that prevailed as an
independent nation on the political map between 1960 and 1991 does not
exist now. Sadly, now we have three Somali nations, namely Somaliland,
Puntland, and Mogadishu (the beleaguered Somali proper), and soon we may
witness a fourth Somali nation: Jubaland.
Sanchez came to Lehman College of the City University of New York on
November 3, 2011 and in her honor I took my African Civilization class
with me to the Lovinger Theater where she read her poem.
had the honor to meet this wonderful woman of great stature in the world
of poetry and literature. Once she began reading her poems,
instantaneously I felt as if the Harlem Renaissance was reenacted with new
dimensions and vistas.There
is no doubt that Sonia Sanchez is the direct descendant of the Harlem
literary giants. The more she read, the more I felt as if a vibrant
literary renaissance and cultural regeneration was taking place. Sonia
Sanchez entertained the audience by her wit and sense of humor and the
many genre of poetry that she read. She read poems that she wrote for Bill
Cosby, Martin Luther King, and Toupak etc. She read love poems and
captivated the audience.
A prominent Greek speech writer, Demosthenes once wrote “every dictator is an enemy of
freedom and an opponent of law.” This has been proven exactly right when
it comes to modern Eritrean political reality. Some of us are lucky enough
to have lived in democratic societies where leaders are elected to serve
the people; where people have all the fundamental rights to shove them out
of office when they failed to live up to their promise.
Africa Nears Agreement on Continental Infrastructure Plan With Accord in Morocco 10/31/2011
African states came closer to finalizing a continental programme for the development of vital infrastructure as talks ended in Morocco at the weekend.
North African countries agreed on priority projects at the last round of regional consultations by the promoters of the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) in Rabat, Morocco.
PIDA is an initiative of the African Development Bank (AfDB), the African Union Commission and the
WOLLO: Microcosm Ethiopia and Exemplar of Ethiopian Unity
Ghelawdewos Araia, Ph.D.
October 22, 2011
Literally and figuratively speaking, Wollo is the central locus and the heart of Ethiopia. By virtue of its geographical location, Wollo, both in the distant past and the annals of contemporary Ethiopia, served as the rendezvous point for major Ethiopian nationalities, and by way of reflecting on this reality, on November 2, 2005, in a brief Amharic article entitled ‘The Question of Nationalities and Ethiopian Unity’ or in Amharic የብሔር ጥያቄና የIትዮጵያ Aንድነት I wrote the following:
New challenges and opportunities
The use of the images of ‘village’ or ‘jungle’ has decisive implications for Africa’s choice and strategy for action. In what follows, For clarity I summarise some of the features that distinguish a jungle from a village: A village is a low risk space; a jungle high risk. A village is compassionate and caring; a jungle hostile and ferocious. A village is inclusive; a jungle is restrictive. A village is regulated by rules; a jungle by power. A village is co-operative; a jungle competitive. A village is sharing; a jungle selfish.
Black Student College Graduation Rates Inch Higher But a Large Racial Gap Persists
Source: The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education
Nationwide, the black student college graduation rate remains at a dismally low 43 percent. But the college completion rate has improved by four percentage points over the past three years. As ever, the black-white gap in college graduation rates remains very large and little or no progress has been achieved in bridging the divide.
Most important, in view of the huge penalty race discrimination has imposed on African Americans in the United States, is the fact that blacks who complete a four-year college education have a median income that is now near parity with similarly educated whites.
Africa’s Friend China Finances $9.3 Billion of Hydropower
By Randall Hackley and Lauren van der Westhuizen
When completed in 2013, Gibe III on Ethiopia’s Omo River will be Africa’s tallest dam, a $2.2 billion project that conservationists say will deprive birds and hippos of vital habitat.
Some 600 miles (965 kilometers) to the north, Sudan is preparing to build the $705 million Kajbar dam on the Nile, which would inundate historic towns and tombs of the Nubian people, descendants of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt. The $729 million Bui project on the Black Volta River, to be finished in 2013, will boost Ghana’s hydropower capacity by a third -- and flood a quarter of Bui National Park while displacing 2,600 people.
Professor West blames President Obama for falling “tragically short of fulfilling King’s prophetic legacy.” I don’t think this is a fair statement, but I suspect that Cornel West has subconsciously but falsely assumed that a Black president could have dramatically and/or miraculously solve the African-American problem. In point of fact, he seems to forget that Obama is an American president who happens to be black and he does not exclusively represent African-Americans (and he should not) nor does he serve as a spokesman for black people. If he does, he should be the head of the NAACP or the Urban League and not the president of the United States. The only problem I see with Obama is his claim of “I am the dream,” a parenthetically misleading claim that needs to be scrutinized and criticized. Just because we have a black president does not logically follow that we are witnessing a post-racial American society.
The world has now testified the gruesome and horrendous criminality of the Gaddafi family. The poor Ethiopian lady, Shweyga Mullah, found herself in Dante’s Inferno in
Tripoli. Her crime: for refusing to beat a crying child! And for this, she paid the ultimate price of being burned by hot water, poured on her entire body – head to toe – by a sadistic and cruel monster by the name Aline Skaf, the wife of Hannibal, Gaddafi’s son.
The barbaric act committed by Aline against Shweyga is crime against humanity, and other crimes of similar nature, including burning maids and nannies with hot water and executing political prisoners, was the shocking revelation that humanity encountered this week in Libya.
the extraordinary story of how she had come from Ethiopia to the South African city of Port Elizabeth.
Bisho was one of a group of Ethiopian slaves freed by a British warship in 1888 off the coast of Yemen, then taken round the African coast and placed in the care of missionaries in South Africa.
"We were overawed in her presence and by the way she would mumble to herself in this language none of us understood," recalls Mr Alexander, now 74.
This was Ethiopia's Oromo language, Bisho's mother tongue, which she reverted to as she grew older.
Mr Alexander, who was a political prisoner in the 1960s, sharing Robben Island with Nelson Mandela, is today one of South Africa's most eminent educationists.
World’s Top 10 Coffee-Producing Countries in 2010-2011
By Justin Doom - Aug 19, 2011
The following is a table of the world’s 10 largest coffee-producing nations, measured in thousands of bags, for the 2010-2011 crop year. One bag weighs 60 kilograms (132 pounds).
Data are from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
1) Brazil 54,500
2) Vietnam 18,725
3) Colombia 9,500
4) Indonesia 9,325
5) India 5,100 6) Ethiopia 4,400
1) Brazil 41,800
2) Colombia 9,500 3) Ethiopia 4,400
But I have this bad habit of being tempted to say something. Although I promised not to indulge in interpreting the story of the lion and inject my bias, I like to make this passing and concluding remark: The power of metaphor is that it can authenticate reality by dramatizing stories represented by fictional characters, like the cat, mice, lion, and bureaucrats. And remember, since time immemorial, the symbol of Ethiopia was the lion! For that matter, the lion is also the symbol of all Africa, but in the Serengeti, the lions eat antelopes, gazelles, and zebras and only when they are desperate do they try human flesh.
What went wrong in Eritrea?
Eritrea's hard-won independence promised much for the future, but instead it brought repression, war, secrecy and international pariah status
One can only surmise what is really happening in this small country of 4.5 million, whose young people are fleeing to neighbouring countries, where rationing is widespread, independent media do not exist, and all accurate data is government property. I suspect there is a drought in Eritrea, although its effect may not be as severe as in Somalia or other neighbouring countries. But Eritreans are used to going hungry.
• Dawit Mesfin, an Eritrean, is principal director of Justice Africa, UK
The narration below is based on Rick Rierdian’s book Percy Jackson and The Olympians of the Titan Curse. The book is about Greek mythology; it is about Greek heroes who try to defend their Olympian parents from being overthrown by half bloods (half god, half human) who betrayed the Olympians because they were mad at them. There are good half bloods and bad half bloods; the heroes are good half bloods.
The Civil Society Platform on Oil and Gas is raising the concern that Ghana has already started showing signs of the Dutch Disease, few months into the production of oil and gas in the country. The Platform's Coordinator, Mohammed Amin Adam, addressing
the opening of the Summer School of the Africa Regional Extractive Industries Hub at the Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA), noted though it is early days, analyses of the first quarter of the economy shows that the country is on the path of developing the unpopular phenomenon often associated with oil producing countries.
One of the Ethiopian Development Council's (ECDC) missions is to conduct humanitarian and development programs in the Horn of Africa. To this end, ECDC has shipped 867,212 books estimated at $44.5 million since 1992 for distribution to Ethiopian schools and libraries, including the Afar, Amhara, Benishangul-Gumz, Oromia, South Nations, Nationalities and Peoples, and Tigray regions. In Addis Ababa, ECDC has responded to requests from Addis Ababa University Library, its Law, Medical and Pharmacy Schools.
fundamental rule of politics is tolerance. Without tolerance there is no
politics. Politics is a special kind of friendship and friendship itself
is ground on respect. Friends respect each other by listening to one
another and by caring to each other. Similarly, a large number of people
who wish to attain a goal seek to cultivate a kind of friendship that is
suitable for political life, where total strangers come to the political
arena to articulate a way of life by listening to one another and
respecting each other’s views, however divergent and irreconcilable
those views are.
Given the current intellectual crisis among the Ethiopian Diaspora I have become increasingly nostalgic to the rich scholarly legacy of my former professors at Addis Ababa University (AAU) and the brilliant University Students Union of Addis Ababa (USUAA) militants who were prolific writers and gifted public speakers. Some of my mentors are still around but a significant number of them have vanished in due course of the Ethiopian Revolution. One of the objectives of this essay is to acknowledge the scholarly and intellectual contributions of these wonderful Ethiopians, without whom, I sincerely believe, I could not have made the achievements of education that I have attained and the professorial career that I have today. And it is for this apparent reason that I have quoted Isaac Newton in my debut book, Ethiopia: The Political Economy of Transition, and attributed his celebrated maxim (‘If I have been able to see farther than others it was because I stood on the shoulders of giants’) to my exemplar par excellence Ethiopian intellectuals.
So far this year, I have learned that it is bad to have or use
drugs, also instead of dealing with conflict physically we should deal
with it mentally. Character Counts has given me a great experience
throughout the year, and I have been inspired to practice all of these
great ideas.The kind of
character a person is an indication of whether they can make good choices
with things that may affect their life. For example, showing
responsibility is necessary to resist drug use because this person would
have some self control and think before they act. I feel knowing the
consequences of drug use, causing disease like cancer, that I can make the
right choices. So I hope when I grow older I am able to choose to never
start using drugs because I know those consequences and I can show
Counts gave me more of an experience on how to deal with conflict. Last
year I just learned what to do about it besides just walking away. This
gave me more information and ideas of how to deal with conflict, like
getting an adult or calling the police. I think the character trait of
fairness is important and can show how to resolve conflict. If you don’t
do anything bad to others they won’t do anything bad to you. I also
think citizenship would show how you would be liked if you cooperate with
others and be a good neighbor.
particular traits will be important for me to try to do in the future. I
will keep practicing them so I won’t become addicted to drugs and so
that I will be better resolving conflicts.
Note: This year
Aphilas Araia’s instructor was Ms. Kari Stewart. Aphilas can be reached
In no small measure has Ethiopia’ s foremost
educational theorist, trained at the prestigious Columbia University, a pioneer of
his generation, successfully written a compact but powerful book, that has in its
own way given us, Ethiopians, a critical theory of society that is simultaneously
transcendence and appropriation. This work is a product of an exilic mind, forced to
leave his homeland and seeking to examine the inner architectonic of its rich
culture and political tradition with an enviable judiciousness and a
measured criticality. Indeed, this work will be appropriated by the future generation
as a foundational critical theory of an Ethiopian society, in the grand
tradition of the Frankfurt school of critical theory of society.
Ken Ohashi, World Bank’s Country Director for Ethiopia.
Many nations have a “national ideology” of one kind or another, though it may not be always very explicit. It helps achieve a collective focus on some national goals; it gives individual efforts a shared purpose.
So, what is the “national ideology” of Ethiopia?
I am not entirely sure. Perhaps it has to do with protection of its independence and unique identity; no easy task in a historically fluid and unstable region. More recently, there emerged a narrative around building an economically prosperous and stable nation. However the Ethiopians may describe their own national ideology, it seems to have stressed, as means to achieve its ends, discipline and control.
The Unconquered Nation, Crippled By Bureaucrats
Jon Evans May 30, 2011
Seems like it’s Sub-Saharan Month around here: first Sarah Lacy went to Nigeria, and now here I am in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital and Africa’s fourth-largest city. It feels like a boomtown. There are cranes and construction sites everywhere, throwing up gleaming new glass-and-steel buildings full of shops selling computers and mobile phones.
Alas, Ethiopia’s government seems fond of monopolies, protectionism, and bureaucracy. I believe mobile Internet access is a transformational force that could turn African nations into economic lions to rival Asia’s tigers—but only if it’s fast, cheap, and ubiquitous. And that will never happen here while every bit of Ethiopia’s Internet is controlled by a dinosaur monopoly with no competitive incentive to improve.
Public Agenda (Accra)
Ghana: We Demand Unqualified Apology From Ethiopia 30 May 2011
Only last Wednesday, May 25, the entire African continent celebrated the 48th birthday of the African Union (AU) with poignant and inspirational messages on the need for African countries to harness their resources and work towards the ultimate goal of building a strong union parallel to that of European Union (EU). In many African countries the day has been declared a public holiday and rightly so, considering the significance of the day in the political history of the continent.
Such diplomatic faux pas is counterproductive to the vision of the founding fathers like Dr. Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Haile Selassie of Ethiopia as well as the spirit and letter of the AU Charter, as they drive us miles apart. The two leaders, we guess will be turning in their graves over the shameful act of the Ethiopians.
Africa's Future Education Conference
When: 4 September - 6 September 2011
Where: Emperors Palace - Gauteng
The Business Zone is very passionate about the Future of Education in Africa. Skills Development and Education in Africa, as we stand today, is poor and far behind the rest of the world. We need to get the education, training and skills development effort working for the good of those involved - the beneficiaries. Bringing Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to education is vital for the future of Education.
We wish to offer a platform to the corporate industry of Africa, as well, donors, education researchers and service providers to discuss trends in education development in Africa.
Description GUIDE Association –Global Universities in Distance Education
– is pleased to invite you to the 5th International Conference focusing on current conditions and future trends in the e-learning sector. The Conference will deal with a wide range of issues related to the development of new organization structures and pedagogical models to support complex institutional and university systems, combining education, technology and research. All participants will have the opportunity to take part in the debate concerning the creation of a common quality framework for e-learning system and its different phases: organization, planning, services delivered, monitoring and evaluation, research and development.
The Conference will approach the following topics:
United States Department of State (Washington, DC)
Senegal: Solar Technology Powers Learning
Sonya F. Weakley 18 April 2011
Washington — In four middle schools in the Fatick region of Senegal, nylon fabric bound to interlocking pieces of plastic piping is stirring a small revolution in educational philosophy.
The materials may seem simple, but that's the point. Combined with a solar-powered battery running a "netbook" computer connected to a small projector and infrared camera, these items are enabling teachers and students to use uncomplicated technology as a tool for 21st-century learning.
things are achieved by guessing the direction of one’s century1
I appreciate Aklog and Getachew’s macroeconomic analysis of Ethiopia and
why it “is not conducive” to invest in Ethiopia today (the exact
opposite of the Government’s claim of‘10 reasons to invest in Ethiopia’), I am of the opinion that
the complex Ethiopian scenario requires a more comprehensive political
April 18, 2011 the W. E. B. Du Bois Institute for African and African
American Research of Harvard
honored the quintessential activist and artist Elizabeth Catlett and I
went there along with my good friend professor Teodros Kiros to join the
spirited and enthused audience that virtually packed the small auditorium
in the second floor of the Institute.The event was opened by a brief
remark of the charismatic Vira Grant, the Executive Director of the W. E.
B. Du Bois Institute and then the Professor and Director of the Institute,
Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (popularly known as Skip Gates) arrived and gave a
speech on his long-awaited ‘Blacks in Latin America’ PBS series and
the biography of Elizabeth Catlett. According to the brochure distributed
for the event, “throughout her career, Catlett has been committed to art
as a vehicle for social change.
Local consultants aided Khadafy
Cambridge firm tried to polish his image
March 04, 2011|Farah Stockman, Globe Staff
CAMBRIDGE — It reads like Libyan government propaganda, extolling the importance of Moammar Khadafy, his theories on democracy, and his “core ideas on individual freedom.’’
But the 22-page proposal for a book on Khadafy was written by Monitor Group, a Cambridge-based consultant firm founded by Harvard professors. The management consulting firm received $250,000 a month from the Libyan government from 2006 to 2008 for a wide range of services, including writing the book proposal, bringing prominent academics to Libya to meet Khadafy “to enhance international appreciation of Libya’’ and trying to generate positive news coverage of the country.
In the early days of Ivory Coast's election crisis, U.S. policymakers tried to offer Laurent Gbagbo a post at Boston University. Could academia really entice the world's most entrenched strongmen to step down?
BY ELIZABETH DICKINSON | APRIL 12, 2011
Top Khadafy aide helped craft deal with local firm
Company aimed to help Libya image
WASHINGTON — He is Moammar Khadafy’s brother-in-law and his most trusted aide, convicted in absentia for the 1989 bombing of a French airliner and implicated in the 1996 massacre of 1,200 Libyan political prisoners.
thus the solution must come from the people of Ivory Coast themselves.
Both Quattara and Gbagbo are learned men; the former, by virtue of his
banking experience was an International Monetary Fund official, and the
latter was a university professor, and they must be able to sit down and
talk for the sake of their country and their people. They can share power
and form a coalition government, or Gbagbo must be persuaded to exit
peacefully and Quattara must show some fortitude to accommodate his
erstwhile foe. This is done by sophisticated people who understand the
complexity of politics and who also prioritize the security and stability
of their country, and above all the welfare of their people. Otherwise,
the state of denial in one and the unwillingness of compromise on the
other may subsequently deny justice to the people of Ivory Cost for a long
period of time.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi is accused of another crackdown on the opposition
afrol News, 19 March - The Ethiopian opposition reports that over 250 of its central members have been arrested during the week. The arrests are seen in connection with a planned mass protest.
According to Ethiopia's main opposition coalition Medrek - composed of eight mostly regionally-based parties - several of its member parties have experienced a wave of arrest this week. At least 250 opposition members remain in detention, they claim.
is indeed a major dilemma when it comes to the conceptualization and
practical application of intervention, but a reasonable assessment of a
prevailing political situation could enable us determine whether
intervention is worth it vis-�-vis egregious human rights violations. The
case of Libya, for instance, demands that intervention is necessary in
order rid of a murderous regime, help democratic forces install a
government that could respect human rights and serve their interests, and
also facilitate peace building and stability in the region.
According to the latest Global Food Price Monitor, from the UN's
Food and Agriculture Organization, world food prices hit a record high in February, the highest since the index was first created in
1990. The debate on food security, and what to do about, is rising higher and higher on global agendas. There are elements of
consensus, such as the need for greater attention to agriculture in development planning, and investment in particular in smallholder
agriculture. But there are also significant disagreements on what kind of investment is needed.
In broad terms, one approach is to foster a new "green revolution" giving highest priority to technologies developed in collaboration
with large agrifood corporations and assuming compatibility of their interests with those of farmers. The contrasting approach
stresses the importance of sustainable agroecology, local knowledge, and participation by smallholder farmers, while noting
that large agrifood enterprises and technology they control is more likely to be part of the problem than part of the solution.
The former French colony, which still maintains close ties to Paris, has a
population of less than 850,000, but serves as a strategic outpost in Western imperialism’s so-called “war on terrorism.”
Djibouti houses the only known U.S. military base on the African continent
and is therefore highly significant to the Pentagon’s strategy aimed at dominating the Horn of Africa, the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Peninsula.
The Financial Times reported that Washington’s camp is an outpost for the
U.S. Africa Command, Africom. (Feb. 20)
United States, as one of the founding members of the UN, is no stranger to
the concept and practice of collective security. Therefore, the popular
uprisings in North Africa should not be viewed as a challenge to the
United States; on the contrary, they should be perceived as a golden
opportunity for America in finding new democratic friends in Africa and
elsewhere. If the United States is serious in reformulating its foreign
policy spectrum in such away to accommodate democratic regimes and no
longer appease dictators, it should uphold what political scientists call
‘global level of analysis,’ in which state and non-state global actors
find common ground and work together.
the United States employed realism as the basic tenet in its foreign
policy for so long, the social reality of other societies that aspire for
democracy was largely mystified to the extent that democratic forces in
developing nations were either considered not dependable or not
trustworthy. America indeed made some modification in its realist policy
by embracing the ‘hegemonic stability theory’ paradigm, an admixture
of realist and neo-liberal policy, but the latter in fact should have been
considered as an important factor in shaping its foreign policy.
Foot Bone Puts Giant Leap for Mankind at 3.2 Million Years Ago
February 10, 2011, 2:04 PM EST
MannKind Plans to Cut 41% of Workforce on Drug Delays Ethiopia Won’t Need to Fully Liberalize Economy to Join WTO
Sebelius May Not Have Power to Approve Arizona Medicaid Cuts Obama Health-Care Ruling to Get Speedy Appeals Court Review
Pfizer Told to Pay $10 Million Over Prempro Verdict
presented at the SOCEPP Canada Conference, January 15, 2011
Ethiopian Diaspora nor the home front opposition was successful in its
endeavor for the establishment of democracy in Ethiopia, while the EPRDF
managed to manipulate and maintain the grips of power to this day. What
seems to be the problem? In order to answer this simple question, the
Ethiopian Diaspora must openly and candidly discuss the root of the
problem, including problems surrounding democratic culture in its own
Over the past decade sub-Saharan Africa’s real GDP growth rate jumped to an annual average of 5.7%, up from only 2.4% over the previous two decades. That beat Latin America’s 3.3%, but not emerging Asia’s 7.9%. Asia’s stunning performance largely reflects the vast weight of China and India; most economies saw much slower growth, such as 4% in South Korea and Taiwan.
Canada cordially invites you and your family to a public discussion
exploring major issues affecting current day
and their implications for democratization and Human Rights. We are
fortunate to bring you a team of distinguished and remarkable scholars
, to inform you and engage you on a number of important topics.
Of Devine Warning, a small book in terms of length of pages is in fact an encyclopedia of well-synchronized knowledge. The book lays out theoretical frameworks to central questions surrounding monsters, disasters, ruin, and dominant ideologies vs. the oppressed. The strength of the book, however, is not so much in offering conceptual frameworks but in illustrating theoretical and definitional issues by examples. Moreover, apart from the wide-ranging empirical contexts pigeonholed in the various chapters, the book can maximize the potential of generally agreed upon postulates.
Ghana: Oil and The Economy Took Centre Stage
Accra — Someone said the other day that Social Democracy is a political concept that allows discredited communists the opportunity to act as if they have abandoned the principle of communism in favour of a less totalitarian model of government.
It is difficult to argue with this definition, given the occurrences in the communist states of Eastern and Central Europe after the cold war. From Russia to Romania, the former communist dictators found solace in Social Democracy when communism collapsed with the end of the colds war.
Ethiopia's Million Dollar Energy Boost
The African Development Bank has provided a loan and grant amounting U.S.$200 Million to support the development of
electricity projects, according to state media.
Addis Ababa — The African Development Bank (AfDB) has provided Ethiopia a loan and grant amounting $200 million USD to support the horn nation's projects to develop electricity projects, according to the official Ethiopian Radio and Television Agency (ERTA).
The supplementary financing agreement was signed on Monday between Finance and Economic Development Minister, Sufian Ahmed and AfDB resident Representative of Ethiopian Office, Lamin Barrow.
The Horn of Africa Peace Conference
Ghelawdewos Araia, Ph.D December 14, 2010 The objective was to generate ideas
as much as possible and not necessarily to agree on all issues and this
was one of the major accomplishments of the conference. The conference
indeed was forum-cum-dialogue par excellence! One shortcoming of the
conference perhaps was that the conferees were unable to thoroughly
examine the consequences of the formation of a new South Sudan although
some were talking about their concerns in informal gatherings. Both the
South and North Sudan delegations seemed to have taken it for granted that
a South Sudan “Republic” would indeed be formed after January 9, 2010.
For all intents and purposes, the Juba new government is a fait accompli
given the attitude of the Sudanese delegation and the preparation on the
ground in South Sudan. Whatever happens after January 9 in the Sudan, I
hope that Sudan will not be embroiled in political skirmishes and
conflicts, and I wish the Horn of Africa Peace Conference in Atlanta and
beyond would make an input to make peace possible!
- Teodros Kiros,
, NJ: The
Press, 2011, pages 101. $19.95.
- Teodros Kiros, Ethiopian Discourse,
, NJ: The
Press, 2011, pages 236. $24.95.
Tecola Worq Hagos
Professor Teodros Kiros
[hereafter “Teodros”] is a well established personality in our
Ethiopian Diaspora community (political life) due to his exemplary hard
work and commitment to our political and social struggles. In several of
his outstanding books, numerous essays and articles, we are privileged to
learn about ourselves, about our struggle, and about our hopes and
aspirations. Teodros is no charlatan trying his
hand in this or that, but a well educated, brilliant, and socially
conscious individual. He received his B.A. at
and his Ph.D. in Political Philosophy at
. The following two books (under review) are his most recent
contribution to our Ethiopian discourse: Teodros Kiros, Philosophical Essays,
: The Red Sea Press, 2011. [Teodros-1]; Teodros Kiros, Ethiopian
Press, 2011. [Teodros-2]
Rashad was with Tavis Smiley on November 2, 2010, and she still looks
beautiful as when she was acting during the Cosby Show (1984-1992). Like
millions of Americans, I used to enjoy the acclaimed show in prime time
NBC, a fun-cum-educational TV entertainment in which the gifted grand
actor Cosby (Dr. Huxtable) and the many other terrific actors captivated a
huge audience. But I was exceptionally attracted to the beauty, elegance,
and voluptuous charisma of Phylicia as Ms. Huxtable, a character of a
successful attorney and a mom, in the show. However, I must confess that I
just explored the brilliance of Phylicia when she appeared on the Tavis
Smiley Show. Indeed, I explored a beautiful mind behind a beautiful
Africa: Unity, Sovereignty, and Sorrow. By Pierre Englebert. Boulder,
CO: Lynne Rienner, 2009. 310 pp. $65.00 cloth=$26.50 paper. This is something of a jubilee year for Africa, marking half a century
from that annus mirabilis of 1960 when no fewer than eighteen colonial territories across the continent were given their independence. It might seem
churlish, but—aside from literally a handful of truly exceptional cases—
one might legitimately ask what there is about these anniversaries that is to
be celebrated. By almost any measure of progress or index of well-being, the vast majority of the states of sub-Saharan Africa have failed their citizens.
spiritual warrior as a leader knows the interiors of pain, the corrosive
effects of prejudice and leads by helping the citizens to confront the
drone inside and seek spiritual healing Reconciliation, for example, is an
attempt at self-purification; it is a very difficult but necessary step at
moving forward from frozenness in hate, suspicion and mistrust towards the
sunlight of loving the other, who is your other part, the part that
non-spiritual warriors have fostered into un enemy.
Political commentary, when it is temperate and deliberate, makes sense. However, when it is exorbitant and intemperate, it drives people away. I see the latter as a huge problem. The extremist position is always one-sided. It is also typical with other extremist Diaspora position that had miserably failed. Take a look at the Cuban Diaspora, the Iranian Diaspora, the former Soviet Union Diaspora, or even the Mexican Diaspora of the 1970s. History shows us that all of them share same political passion, same extremist view, with each violently anathematic toward the regimes they opposed in their respective countries. In almost each instances, however, because of their extremist position, they all had missed the opportunity to achieve victory and reclaim “their country.” In this case, Castro is still in Cuba, the Mullahs in Iran have a firm grip on the country’s fate; and, hear this: the demise of the Soviet Union had nothing to do with the dissidents’ movement abroad.
commentary is aimed at the recent speech of Dr. Gregory Stanton to an
Ethiopian audience and also at Ethiopians who dearly love their country
and who want to make a difference in the future of a better Ethiopia. It
is also aimed at Ethiopians who are either unable to fathom the reality of
their own society and the complexity of global inputs, or are easily
hoodwinked, uncritically accepted divisive ideas, and have applauded to
potentially harmful diatribes.
The decisive advise of Dr. Ghelawdewos must encourage us all to enter into the deep recesses of our rational hearts and invite the prevailing regime to come to the roundtable of dialogue and aim at establishing a concentric circle of themes that we must address to save our nation.
I appeal to us Ethiopian to establish forums of national reconciliation globally and invite and encourage Ethiopians to discuss the future of our nation. All views including the viability of armed resistance can and must be freely discussed in the agora of the free market of ideas.
defies any rationale to justify why Tigreans have to pay the price for the
type of government existing in
. EPRDF is a coalition composed of many nationalities federated by common
interest. It is simply an Ethiopian government recognized by all the world
bodies and not as he contemptibly described as a “Tigrean regime”. We
don’t understand why Tigreans have to be targeted for such assault
campaign and propaganda by this heinous man. This is an archetype and
irresponsible person who would like to see and enjoy the killing fields of
yet another failed state in the sub region of the Horn of Africa. His
scorn and anti-Ethiopian stand cannot lead him anywhere and his call for
pogrom of Tigreans is unfortunately not going to be heeded by all our
Ghelawdewos’ brilliantly crafted National Reconciliation and National
Development in Ethiopia is a pragmatic outline of how to bring the
existing regime and the opposition to the palaver of a democratic dialogue
guided by communicative rationality. This article wisely proposes a model
of political behavior worth emulating.
am not trying to stifle criticism and freedom of expression but, rather
aimed at writing critically appraise the activities of few individuals who
try to make a political career by insulting and name calling. I believe
personally in the free flow of ideas that individuals can write articles
or essays in defense of their own fundamental rights and their own
aspirations at any rate, out of respect I hope my suggestions or criticism
will be constructive, and dignified. Two
weeks ago Ghelawdewos
Araia, PhD posted an article in various websites titled National
Reconciliation and National Development in Ethiopia. The author’s
intention was to open a dialog between the Ethiopian government and the
opposition to usher a new beginning and forge a cohesive approach.
The author’s message was lost in the sea of ignorant political
level of discussion on web is degenerating too low some step must be taken
to avoid; it’s becoming another gossip forum.
Ghelawdewos Araia’s Speech Engagement Schedule
government must preside over a national reconciliation forum not simply
with the intention of permitting democratic rights, or sharing power, but
also in enabling the opposition to participate in national development at
all levels. Politics and development are gregarious, and that is the
bottom line that I am implying to when I call upon the opposition and the
government to make a historic national reconciliation. Without the
participation of the Ethiopian people, development would become ideal
chimera of economic salvation, and without reconciling differences of all
groups, the Ethiopian nation could not move forward.
October 4, 2010
The concept of green revolution is not nascent to Africa, but African leaders were not able to successfully implement its objectives, nor consistently follow the parameters of the Revolution. When Africans gathered in Ghana on September 4, 2010 to once again talk about the priority of agriculture for development, it is indeed a promising endeavor and initiative by the respective African ministers and the plethora of experts in the field of agriculture.
Ethiopian Muslims Burn Down Christian Homes, Farms
Thursday, September 30, 2010 (2:52 am)
by George Whitten
WASHINGTON, D.C. (Worthy News)-- Twenty-five Muslims burned down ten Christian homes, leaving eighty Christians homeless in Ethiopia, a Washington-based rights' group said Thursday, September 30.
International Christian Concern (ICC) said on July 15 at 8 PM local time, attackers who were led by a local government militia, destroyed the homes in the Goda district of Jimma, Ethiopia. They also set fire to their barns, killing their animals and destroying their harvest.
"The assailants asked the Christians to leave their homes and told them, 'We will show you what we are going to do to your homes, and if you inform this to anyone we will burn you the way we burn your homes.' Then they set the Christian homes on fire and began celebrating by singing near the burned homes," ICC quoted a Christian leader, who apparently spoke anonymously due to security concerns.
Ethiopia: Addis demolishings begin despite lack of compensation funds Tuesday 21 September 2010 / by Desalegn Sisay
Over 4,500 houses located in different parts of the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa have been earmarked to be demolished this year [2010-2011 fiscal year] under a development plan. The plan will not only affect illegally built houses. For the time being, the city is struggling with compensation payments to owners of legally built structures which will be affected by the plan.
Most of the houses set to be dismantled are in shanty areas built on plots which are to undergo re-development. Most are scattered on lands meant for the city’s main roads, according to the administration charged with the development plan.
is one of the many Ethiopians who traveled from North America, Europe,
Asia, and Australia to the motherland; and this Diaspora young Ethiopians,
as a matter of course, encounter cross-cultural and comparative perception
of two cultures, namely the Ethiopian and the Diasporan. For Samrawit,
more specifically, it was an exposure to the cultural uniqueness and ethos
of Ashenda, but it was also an opportunity for her to reconnect herself
with her roots and begin to appreciate her cultural heritage. All culture
is learned and there is no such thing as genetic imprint of culture. The
oft-expression of ‘our culture is in our blood’ is egregiously
unscientific. Samrawit, like all other girls, thus, was initiated in the
Ashenda festival and learned some aspect of her cultural heritage.
Energy and Security Issues in the Red Sea Transforming as the Age of Gas Begins in Earnest
Written by Gregory R. Copley Thursday, 26 August 2010 13:56
Major new energy issues are about to transform still further the strategic balance of the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea, with foreseeable consequences for the global energy market over the coming decade. Soon-to-be-evident new wealth in the Red Sea/Horn of Africa region will transform the intensity of conflict there, which in turn will affect not only the region, but the world’s most important trading route: the Red Sea/Suez sea line of communication (SLOC).
Ethiopians in the Diaspora who
have entertained ideas opposing the Gilgel Gibe project too must rethink
there stands and carefully delineate the distinction between a seating
regime and the long-term development of Ethiopia. In the meantime, the
government must bolster its initiative in an effort to expedite the
construction of the dam and must seek alternative avenues, including
capital and technical assistance from any government that would support
the Gilgel Gibe III project.
It is a matter of time before the technocrats there perfect the mechanisms to manage their shady deals without detection; there is a credible risk that the commission may turn out to be a perfect breeding place for corruption.
Given society’s negative perception of corruption, these interventions by the administration, if well managed, could cut the incentives for corruption significantly. However, to the extent that such interventions are delayed, and as corruption becomes common, Ethiopian society may lose its distaste for it. Once corruption is deep-rooted in society, it would be very difficult, if not impossible, to reverse participation in it.
There is no
doubt that the idea of constructing a mosque near Ground Zero, which by
most Americans is considered a hallow ground, has stirred controversy
among the public. The opinions debated on the mosque idea by proponents
and opponents are understandable, but unfortunately people on either side
tend to dichotomize the issues pertaining to the mosque vis-�-vis Ground
Zero. They don’t see a middle ground in the extremities of the continuum
and we are all lost in the blazing arguments and counter-arguments.
Therefore, this IDEA viewpoint offers an alternative idea, indeed a novel
solution, of constructing shrines of all faiths at Ground Zero.
Researchers have found evidence that hominins - early human ancestors - used stone tools to cleave meat from animal bones more than 3.2 million years ago.
That pushes back the earliest known tool use and meat-eating in such hominins by more than 800,000 years.
Bones found in Ethiopia show cuts from stone and indications that the bones were forcibly broken to remove marrow.
The research, in the journal Nature, challenges several notions about our ancestors' behaviour.
Uganda — Strategic partnership between the African Capacity Building Foundation and the African Union to harness joint resources for a better Africa
The African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and the African Union (AU) today signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to cement their strategic partnership. H.E. Mr. Jean Ping, Chairperson of the African Union Commission signed on behalf of the AU and Dr. Frannie L�autier Executive Secretary on behalf of ACBF.
1, 2010 marks the official establishment of the East African Common Market
Protocol, whose members are Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi.
It is a historic achievement for the Eastern African Bloc in particular
and Africa in general, for this regional cooperation means a higher level
of civil, economic, cultural, and political agenda that will altogether
benefit 125 million people with a GDP of at least $70 billion.
Unearthed, the ancient texts that tell story of Christianity
A British bookbinder has restored ancient copies of the gospels dating back to the fourth century, writes Jerome Taylor
A still colourful page from the book despite
the 1600 age of the worlds oldest christian book found in a remote
monastry in Ethiopia. The text was thought to be medieval but carbon
dating has taken it back to the 5th century AD.
Originally thought to be from around the 11th century, new carbon dating
techniques place the Garima Gospels between 330 and 650 AD.
New dating techniques have put the creation of the two books to somewhere
between 330 and 650, making them a close contender to being the most
ancient complete Christian texts. The only major collection of scripture
that is known to be older is the Codex Sinaiticus, a copy of the Bible
hand-written in Greek which dates back to the third century. Unlike the
Garima Gospels, the Codex includes large chunks of the Old Testament, but
the entire work is divided between museums and monasteries in Egypt,
Britain, Russia and the USA.
Poverty reduction strategies in
Africa can be improved by understanding the sources of
economic growth and how such
growth translates into poverty reduction. Using different household survey
data at 5 to 10-year intervals, the AfDB’s Research Department conducted
a pro-poor growth analysis in four of Africa’s middle-income countries
(MICs): Mauritius, Morocco, South Africa and Tunisia. While all four
countries are shown to have moved from agro-based primary sector
economies, with manufacturing, services, exports and tourism becoming
increasingly important, significant differences emerge in terms of the
poverty-reducing effects of the observed growth.
have no choice but to look back and look forward. The opposition, in
particular, must reevaluate its political program in light of the
objective conditions of Ethiopia and reassess its tactics and strategies.
The opposition also must win the hearts and minds of the US and the EU
despite the latter’s cynical role in global politics. The Ethiopian
opposition must understand that the US and the EU have now hegemonic
control and it must recalibrate its performance in relation to the foreign
powers’ international status and the dialectical engagement with world
histories and global processes.
of the Starbucks-Ethiopia affair
By Wondwossen Mezlekia
May 31, 2010
The coffee trademark dispute between Starbucks and Ethiopia officially ended exactly three years ago. In June 2007, the giant coffee chain and the government of Ethiopia declared their agreement "to work together to license, distribute and market Ethiopia’s specialty coffees." Starbucks further promised, as part of the dispute resolution, to buy its aprons from textile factories in Ethiopia, open a Farmer Support Center in Addis Ababa, and promote the coffee brands in its stores.
Shamefaced Ruling Party & the Phony 2010 Ethiopian Election
election is yet another sign of a direct confrontation of the EPRDF with
the Ethiopian people and the ruling party have to answer to the people for
all the violence it unleashed when the people, on the contrary, sought
peaceful political change through free and fair elections. But the
arrogant Meles regime would not listen. Sooner or later, the Ethiopian
people will rise and bring the criminal gang of the EPRDF before the court
of justice, a newly established institution out of the blood and tears of
the Ethiopian people.
EU chief observer says Ethiopian poll was not fair
By ANITA POWELL Associated Press Write
Ask AP: Immigration bills, sucking up spilled oil
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) -- Tens of thousands of ruling party supporters rallied Tuesday in Ethiopia's capital to celebrate victory in the national election, while the chief EU observer said the poll had been marred by an uneven playing field.
A top opposition leader denounced the provisional results released by the Ethiopian elections board, but did not indicate what action his party would take.
Prime Minister Meles Zenawi arrived midmorning at the main square in Addis Ababa and addressed the crowd as hundreds of blue-uniformed federal police stood guard.
“If the EPRDF acts in the same manner as it did during the 2005 election and grabs power by force, it should not be a shocking revelation, for it has become standard practice in EPRDF’s operations to stifle any democratic process that is perceived as threat to the status quo. The Ethiopian people knew too well about this kind of scenario and it is no longer a mystique obscurity. But they could be scared of government forces including the intimidating cadres, the police, the secret service, and the military forces.”
this what we get from the EPRDF in the last two decades? Does the EPRDF at
all have a positive fa�ade? Let me begin with the latter and galvanize
the central theme of this paper. I have always argued that objectivity and
integrity are two faces of the same coin. If I claim I have integrity, I
would be remiss if I fail to mention EPRDF’s achievements. All hitherto
governments of Ethiopia had merit and demerit and even the murderous Derg
government had initiated some major development projects like the Melka
Wekena Hydroelectric, the Shiwushu-Gumaro tea plantation, the Bahir Dar
and Komblecha textile industries, the Beles agricultural project, the
Muger cement factory, and Gilgel-Ghibe Hydroelectric. The latter is now
being expanded under the EPRDF.
is for the first time in the last two decades that a cohesive and
well-organized coalition of eight parties led by visionary and dedicated
leaders that has really challenged and confronted the EPRDF. In the 2005
election, the Unity for Democracy and Justice (UDJ) or Kinijit was
a relatively viable opposition but its non-democratic operations coupled
by very loose organizational network and inside job saboteurs, made it an
easy target to the more formidable EPRDF. The latter had already knew
about the weaknesses of UDJ and despite the overwhelming success of Kinijit
on the polls, especially in the urban areas, the ruling party, by
claiming that it had won the rural areas, snatched the ballots by sheer
force. Then UDJ supporters protested by staging demonstrations and they
were dealt with government bullets and bayonets.
OPPOSITION CAMP ON ECONOMY
With Temesgen Zewdie, (MEDREK)
TEMESGEN ZEWDIE (Medrek)
Q. To what extent should the involvement of state in the management of the economy go?
The factors of production like land, capital, labour, and entrepreneurship are all sources of wealth. These will be controlled by the private sector.
In a country where the major source of capital - which is land - is controlled by the government, farmers consider themselves as employees of the state. Not only does the government control the land, now it even controls what crops are harvested and where they are supposed to be collected.
The major player in both sectors, owning the land and the crops on the land, is the government. The ruling party has its own trade conglomerates that control the fertilizer of the land and the farmer plays no role becoming a political instrument for the ruling party.
Ethiopia needs participatory democracy, as the politicalform of its immediate future, a
future that is simultaneously an ideal and a strategy, which needs the participation of the Ethiopian people, so as to bring about the desperately needed alternative to the sham democracy of the ruling regime.
the strong support of the international development community, Sierra
Leone is emerging from a legacy of conflict which has delayed hopes for a
better future for millions of our people.
country is beginning to move beyond humanitarian and emergency relief,
focusing instead on more lasting investments in the future of our nation,
gains in building strong democratic institutions, restored economic
stability and more accountable, responsible and stable leadership.A common
factor in this progress for us, and for many other low-income countries,
has been the support of the International Development Association (IDA),
the World Bank Group's concessional arm, which provides lending and grants
for the world's poorest countries. IDA works with us as a partner to
provide financial resources, technical assistance and effective
collaboration with other development partners, to support our economic
development priorities and help build institutions to sustain growth and
provide clear results that benefit our people.
While the ruling EPRDF party is attempting to
reverse the role of history in Ethiopia, Mesfin as
a dark horse is collaborating with his
incarcerators against his former Andinet comrades.
Whether his actions are witting or not, his role
(along with the plethora other dark horses) would
certainly contribute to the Government’s success
in promoting propaganda against the opposition.
The dark horses’ flagrantly counter productive
actions also would result in the disempowering
function of diluting the upcoming election. More
so, the dark horses would bring unforeseen bonus
to the government in power by serving as
distraction from the more pressing problems
like to make a moment’s reflection on the intricacy and complexity of
politics that, in one form or another, evolves independent of our will.
The Medrek coalition must seriously consider the possibility of shadowy
figures that camouflage as friends but who could foster damage. These
elements are a lot dangerous than the present government in power. They
could be intellectually superior but they are morally retarded. Here, I am
neither constructing a rational analysis nor providing a suggestive model
to Medrek, but merely venting my concerns.
Ethiopian history is replete with governance equated with justice.
Contemporary Ethiopia (especially under the rule of the Derg and the
EPRDF), on the other hand, is racked by sever injustice and human rights
violations. What we have now is cutthroat competition to wield state power
at any coast. In fact, there is a tremendous obsession of power among
Ethiopians and the wish to control the state machinery.
Symposium on Current Ethiopian Issues The joint Committee consisting of the Ethiopian Unity Diaspora Forum (EUDF), the United Ethiopian Democratic Forces (UEDF), the Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Party (EPRP – D), extends its invitation to all Ethiopians in the Diaspora and Friends of Ethiopia to the Symposium on Ethiopian Current Issues, of March 27, 2010 to be held at Meriden Hill Hall, Howard University.
the brutality and intolerance of Meles and his party, the 2010 election,
like the 2005 election before it, may end up in the bloody attack of the
opposition by police forces. But if things go well and a relatively civil
electoral process is conducted, Medrek may not capture state power but it
would definitely secure sizable seats in the parliament and could enjoy
legitimacy as the main opposition in the legislature.
For years many Ethiopians and I have been asking the perennial
question, Which Way Ethiopia? This question has engaged the Ethiopian imagination, ever since EPRDF betrayed its revolutionary genealogy and
became relentlessly tyrannical, unwilling to listen to the pulse of the Ethiopian people, arrogantly dismissive of its intellectuals, and
incarcentrating the voices of dissidents, most notably the hero of justice, Birtukan Mideksa.
analysts, and policy makers must carefully diagnose the complex
socio-economic and political parameters of the Horn countries individually
and/or collectively. Then, they must come up with prognosis (permanent
solutions to the problems) of respective countries or the Horn of Africa
as a whole. For effective and meaningful investigation of the Horn crisis
and suggested solutions, thus, it is proposed that the new leaders
incorporate deconstructing ideologies and reconstructing political systems
into the corpus of their policies.
Medrek Support Group North America (MSGNA)
February 22, 2010
Our country Ethiopia is rich not only in its glorious history and civilization, but also in its tradition of maintaining its independence for so long, thanks to its patriotic children who unflinchingly defended its sovereignty and territorial integrity. While the EPRDF regime, more than often, has attempted to erode Ethiopia’s sovereignty by compromising its territorial integrity through un-mandated conventions such as the Algiers Agreement and the secret negotiations between Sudan and the Ethiopian Government on “border demarcation” and subsequent loss of Ethiopian land, the main opposition Medrek consistently and steadfastly advocated for Ethiopia’s territorial integrity,
including its right for an outlet to the sea. Medrek struggles to continue the legacy of Ethiopian patriots.
Union exploratory team is visiting Ethiopia to determine whether to send
an observer mission to monitor national elections in May. The election
campaign has taken a negative turn amid questions about whether the vote
would be fair. A series of televised debates opened last week with a
furious exchange among parties vying for seats in Ethiopia's parliament.
The ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front dominated the
airtime, taking 67 minutes of the three-hour broadcast. Other parties were
limited to 22 minutes each.
European Union formally decided on February 15 to lift restrictive
measures against 6 individuals and 9 companies in Zimbabwe that were
previously subject to travel bans and asset freezes, but continued the
measures for another year on the majority of the 203 individuals and 40
companies on the list. The EU cited the lack of progress in implementation
of the Global Political Agreement of September 2008 as the reason for
continued measures. Companies removed included the Industrial Development
Corporation of Zimbabwe and the Zimbabwe Iron and Steel Company
Mengiste has masterfully delineated the foundation of a new political
history of Ethiopia in fiction. On top of its richness in image, tone,
diction, paradox, symbol, metaphor, characterization, and narrative
technique, Beneath the Lion’s Gaze is destined to inform the
present readers by systematically recapturing the Ethiopian political
landscape of the 1970s and beyond. It is reminiscence par excellence. The
Book’s contribution to Ethiopia’s cultural regeneration and literary
renaissance is quite apparent, and I recommend it very highly.
brothers in IDEA, this is not a simple problem and you African
intellectuals have a moral responsibility to defend the African people by
raising your voices. This does not require fighting with individual
African states. You all can have a forum of African intellectuals where
you all can discuss African issues and work and support the African Union
to make it stronger so that the Union deal with problems and defend the
continent. This communication only requires you to have a web
It seems to me there are two major concerns in
relation to the establishment of Africom: 1) Africa would become a
chessboard between major powers (say the U. S. and China) as during the
Cold War; 2) the majority of African leaders, excepting some, may
acquiesce to the U. S. demand in spite of the negative impact Africom
could have on the continent. In the long run, as the IDEA editorial
rightly put it, the Continent’s depends on foreign powers will continue
and its development agenda will be systematically arrested as during the
colonial and post-colonial periods. History may repeat itself unless and
until Africans determine their own fate and I am not sure whether that is
feasible and reality is in favor of Africans.
African countries endorse Africom’s mission and objectives, the
respective leaders individually or collectively through the African Union
(AU) must have wittingly accepted technical dependence on the United
States. It is safely assumed that the U. S. is not going to act like an
imperialist occupying force in the old colonial strategic sense, but it
will definitely have a major clout on African countries domestic and
foreign policies. African states that welcome the physical presence of
Africom on Africa must have anticipated that a part of their sovereignty
will be compromised.
For me as a Muslim, this story of how Christians and Muslims could get past theology and see the truth in each other's hearts is one of the most beautiful tales to unite our communities as we struggle to define faith in the 21st century.
And like the story of Christmas itself, I believe that the tale of the Christian king and the Muslim refugees is not just a memory of a time long past. It is, I hope, a vision of a world still to come. A world that will be built by sincere people of faith, who care more about love for humanity than about the triumph of their own tribe or theology.
It is, God-willing, a prophecy.
On behalf of your Muslim brothers and sisters, I wish you all a joyous Christmas
is one of the ancient countries in the world with a rich history and
continuity of intellectual and material culture of antiquity. The
beginnings of Ethiopian civilization goes back to a thousand years before
the birth of Christ, but it was in the first seven centuries AD, i.e. when
Aksum arose, that a spectacular civilization took place in Ethiopia. Here,
we will just put a brief chronology of Ethiopian history and some
recommendations for our subscribers in an effort to introduce them to
historians, scholars, and other authors on Ethiopian history.
Africa: Ending Malaria in Sight?
Nov 27, 2009 (091127)
(Reposted from sources cited below)
On the Comoran island of Moheli, with a population of 36,000, malaria has been eliminated with the aid of a comprehensive Chinese-assisted treatment campaign. And at the 5th Pan-African malaria conference, held in Nairobi in early November, Kenya's minister of public health, Beth Mugo, announced that her country had set the goal of eliminating the disease by 2017.
Farmer Geda Shenu, who lives in a drought-hit rural area near the town of Meki, Ethiopia, is struggling to feed his children and has petitioned for government assistance. The Ethiopian government has restricted coverage of the drought and is hampering the work of international aid groups.
A famine is growing across Ethiopia, but the government is clamping down on information - even ejecting aid agencies that could help bring aid for fear of provoking unrest and losing their grip on power
At the outset we like to
make clear to our readers that we at IDEA have no intention whatsoever to
belittle initiatives taken by the Ethiopian government. We are neither
interested nor have the time for character assassination, but we are
steadfast in uncovering the reality in Ethiopia, as we have done in the
past by series of editorials and articles.The United States must also
realize that the global political scenario has dramatically changed over
the last two decades in favor of democracy and the market economy. There
shouldn’t be any justification for U. S. policy makers to embrace
anti-people and anti-democratic regimes, as it was the case, for instance,
during the entire period of the ‘60s, ‘70s, 80s and beyond.
"A Global Fund for Education holds the key to delivering on the
world's commitment to education for all by 2015. Evolving current
mechanisms into a more independent, inclusive, and accountable
institution can catalyze the resources and performance needed to
achieve universal education. [Because of the strong effects of
education on other development goals] this would make a major
contribution to reducing global poverty, empowering women, and
promoting economic growth in low-income countries around the world." -
Center for Universal Education
on the part of the former guerrilla fighters who now lead the country is
cited as an impediment to a democratic system. The ruling party's
"obsession with controlling political processes from the federal to
the local level" is inciting opposition groups to consider taking up
arms, the Brussels-based International Crisis Group says.
genuine multiparty democracy," the report suggests, "the
tensions and pressures in Ethiopia's polities will only grow, greatly
increasing the possibility of a violent eruption that would destabilise
the country and region."
life indeed is ‘purpose driven’, Teddy Kennedy is its quintessential
manifestation. Since his election to the US Senate in 1962, Teddy Kennedy
proved to the world that he was the torchbearer of the mission of his
brothers, Joseph, John, and Robert. Throughout his eight-term period in
the Senate, he relentlessly proposed and wrote progressive legislations
and courageously fought for their fruition and conversion into laws.
recent Aiga Forum derogatory remark against President Obama’s
Administration, though infuriating and enraging, is not at all surprising.
In fact, it clearly manifests the true nature and unspoken embodiment of
the backward mentality, akin to medieval or antediluvian psychological
make-up, of the editors of Aiga Forum. Apparently, the Aiga group felt
ignored because the Honorable Hilary Clinton, Secretary of State, did not
visit Ethiopia during her extensive African tour. And they vented their
anger in the following:
Woman recounts humiliating experience in which bus driver told her, 'Kushit, in Ethiopia you didn't even have shoes and here you do, so why don’t you walk?'; Egged to investigate incident.
Daniel Edelson Published: 08.11.09, 22:20 / Israel News
Gates has discussed doing a documentary about racial profiling. I invite him to cover a meeting residents of my Oakland ghetto neighborhood have with the police each month.
(Most of our problems incidentally are caused by the off-springs of two family households. Suburban gun dealers who arm gang leaders. The gang leader on our block isn’t black! An absentee landlord who owns a house where crack operations take place.) He can bring Bill Cosby with him.
Some of the
most important points Obama raised in his speech are, “no nation will
create wealth if its leaders exploit the economy”; “Africa does not
need strong men but strong institutions”; “development depends on good
governance” etc. We agree with Obama that good governance or a committed
and visionary leadership will ultimately play a crucial role in the
transformation of the Continent. Sometime in the early 1980s, the famous
Nigerian novelist Chinua Achebe said, “the Nigerian problem is the
unwillingness or inability of its leaders to rise to the responsibility,
to the challenge of personal example which are the hallmarks of true
Democracy, the Ruling Party, and Opposition Mobilization in Ethiopia
Ghelawdewos Araia June 1, 2009 Can the Ethiopian political
parties mobilize the opposition and enable it to articulate its aggregate
preferences? Is there a political climate conducive enough to permit the
opposition to meet its goals and objectives? Is the Ethiopian opposition
equipped enough in organizational capability (party structure, membership
drive, departmental task forces, finances etc.) and theoretical constructs
(vision and political clarity)? These are some of the questions pertaining
to the realities on the ground in Ethiopia that the opposition must
address and answer before it ventures into the 2010 elections.
nations which expand their political freedoms also reduce poverty,
according to a major new study published today. In a survey of selected
countries across the continent, the study also finds that between 2000 and
2008, poverty decreased in Cape Verde, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi,
Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia but grew in Benin, Botswana,
Madagascar, Nigeria, Senegal and Zimbabwe.
Kampala — Today, May 25, is the African Liberation Day. I congratulate all Africans on the continent and in the diaspora for celebrating this historical moment.
The day honours the 1963 signing of the charter establishing the Organisation of the African Unity (OAU), now African Union (AU). It pledges solidarity for the liberation of Africa. The OAU was criticised for not living up to the mandate of uniting Africa and responding to its various challenges. Many of the criticisms were understandable though not all of them were deserved.
By Barry Malone-
ABABA, May 5 (Reuters) - An Ethiopian opposition leader said on Tuesday an
anti-government plot had been invented as an excuse to arrest potential
candidates ahead of national elections next year. "Without third
party verification I can't believe there was a plot," Bulcha Demeksa,
leader of one of the largest opposition parties, the Oromo Federalist
Democratic Movement, told Reuters. "This government is just looking
for an excuse to imprison potential politicians." Prime
Minister Meles Zenawi's government said last month a group led by an
Ethiopian-American professor had planned to use assassinations and
bombings to provoke street protests and topple the government
Abeba — The question of whether Prime Minister Meles Zenawi would
continue to assume his position as Prime Minister of Africa's second most
populated country may be what every one wants to know as the country
approaches next general elections. But that has remained to be a
conundrum, prompting more curiosity among his followers, and opponents
alike. In a number of interviews with local and foreign media, Meles has
spoken about the matter -only in a rather obscure way, giving way to more
suspicions and speculation. His reticence about the matter has put people
in darkness as far his fate as Prime Minister and EPRDF, as ruling party,
negative impact of donor aid in Africa is engendered by external
(Northern) governments, institutions, and NGOs as well as internal African
problems triggered by bad governance. For the most part, northern
prescriptions for Africa’s problems were wrong and ignominious failures.
Adding insult to injury, the majority of African leaders were corrupt and
miserably incapacitated, and far from implementing sound economic projects
and sustainable development programs, they have played counterproductive
roles in their respective nations.
OBAMA AND ETHIOPIA, 5:
TIME FOR FRESH THOUGHT, NEW DEPARTURES?
Donald N. Levine, University of Chicago
Promoting energy independence, resource management, and environmental restoration
President Obama mentioned energy independence as the highest priority of his administration. In Ethiopia, leapfrogging over costly, wasteful, and environmentally harmful practices of the industrial age can be realized right now through green technologies. The U.S. is at the edge of efforts to rethink its ways of procuring energy, efforts necessitated by a combination of security, environmental, and
economic exigencies. Available new technologies, with other innovations in tow, would create stunning socioeconomic results in Ethiopia.
Hope and Vision:
Yesterday and Today and Tomorrow
Ethiopian Unity Diaspora Forum held its first
organizational Conference in
on February 28, 2009. Despite their diverse
backgrounds, the Participants displayed one
common passion—the shared love of the
Motherland. The preservation and maintenance of
the Sovereignty and territorial integrity of
was without question the unifying factor that
beckoned the Participants to meet at the first
organizational conference of the EUDF. Some of
the participants drove hundreds of miles, and
all Participants financed their own travel and
lodging to participate
in this historic Conference.
Professor Richard Pankhurst
February 22, 2009
Few foreigners, if any, can proudly talk about their impact on Ethiopia, her freedom and her international presence, as the Pankhurst family did. Madam Sylvia Pankhurst, Professor Richard Pankhurst’s mother, born in 1882 in Manchester to Dr. Richard Pankhurst and Emmeline Pankhurst, founded a newspaper (New Times and Ethiopia News) in England in 1936, which became the only mouthpiece for the war-torn Ethiopia against her bitter battle with the Italian fascists. At the time, when it was actually uncustomary to oppose the juggernaut fascists, the young Sylvia Pankhurst, conscious of the suffering of millions of Ethiopians, refused to back down even when seasoned politicians (who felt alliance with Mussolini was worth than any association with Emperor Haile Selassie) in England pleaded with her to discontinue her protest.
Switzerland — Although the continent is not
insulated from the global financial crisis,
African countries will perform "relatively
better" than other regions of the world
This was the consensus among discussants at the
session on Africa at the World Economic Forum
Annual Meeting holding in Davos, Switzerland.
Also, the Chairman and Editor-in-Chief of
THISDAY Newspapers, Mr. Nduka Obaigbena, has
made a strong case for more investments in
Africa. The tempered optimism on Africa's growth
in 2009 is fuelled by the fact that its capital
markets are not integrated globally, except for
South Africa, thereby limiting the effects of
the crisis on Africa.
However, it was projected that some 3.5
percentage points may be shaved off the
continent's GDP growth this year, with serious
problems already obvious as seen in the closure
of numerous mines in Zambia.
makes Obama the real man of the people, long
before he climbed the mountaintop, that he was a
community organizer first. In fact, when he
danced in the Neighborhood Mall on January 20th,
he symbolically represented the
community-organizer turned senator turned
president that is a commoner, a citizen, and a
man of the people.
Ghana’s new President, Mr John Evans Atta Mills, was sworn in on Wednesday in a ceremony that gave Africa a reason for celebration. He won a razor-thin mandate, squeezing just slightly over 50 per cent of the vote to beat his sole challenger in the run-off poll, Mr Nana Akufo-Addo of the former ruling New Patriotic Party.The thin margin would have given justification for protracted post-election strife, but the people and leadership of Ghana thought differently and gave a peaceful transition a chance.
Liberals view human nature as essentially good,
Realists cynically consider human beings as
inherently selfish, depraved, and flawed. While
liberals heavily depend on the paradigm of
reason and universal ethics in international
relations, Realists emphasize national survival
and hence national interest predicated on a
relatively hostile and chaotic global order.
Based on these rival theoretical doctrines
(perceptions rather), thus, American foreign
policy was reconfigured and reformed many times,
but was unable to absorb or adopt the European
legacy of social democracy or the Kantian
concept of universal brotherhood.
Twenty young men and women have accomplished something that nobody in Somalia has done in nearly two decades of state failure: They graduated from medical school.
The graduation ceremony for 12 men and eight women was held on Thursday inside the barricaded walls of the Shamo Hotel in Mogadishu, the bullet-scarred capital of a country that has not had an effective central government since 1991.
"The graduation of these students shows something that nobody outside Somalia can believe � that students can still learn despite violence and anarchy," said Mohamed Malim Muse, president of Mogadishu's Benadir University, according to the Associated Press.
today is becoming the single largest foreign
investor in Ethiopia with nearly $4 billion in
private sector investment, said the Ambassador
on Monday. Gurjit
Singh, Ambassador of India, on his presentation
under the title of "India's role in
Ethiopia economy with emphasis on infrastructure
sector" said, floriculture and agriculture,
mining, manufacturing and services are the main
areas of his country's investment here
African Development Bank (AfDB) has approved US$
97.2 million (33.84 million Euros and 53.34
million dollars) loan to finance Morocco's 10th
Drinking Water Supply Project, bringing the Bank
Group's overall commitment in the country to US$
5.64 billion in 93 operations since the Bank
started operations in the country in 1970.
approved by the Board of Directors on Wednesday
in Tunis, builds on the success of Bank-financed
projects and their significant contribution to
the achievement of Morocco's drinking water
supply and sanitation objectives
Prime Minister, Cheikh Hadjibou Soumar�, has
said it is not an exaggeration to say that the
world is fighting for its survival regarding the
global financial crisis. Mr. Soumar� said this
while opening deliberations of the 8th session
of the Presidential Investment Council in Dakar,
Senegal, on November 17, 2008.
pointed out that the situation was a huge threat
to African economies, adding, however, that it
also offered many opportunities. He advised that
the exigencies of the global context must serve
as a guide and "should help us focus on
priority actions and measures which could serve
as a catalyst for the creation of a healthy and
promising environment that is conducive to the
creation of wealth and opportunities for
Tseghe, of course, is a resilient woman and in spite of the early negative encounters in Denver, true to her childhood dream, she founded the Africa House, an African art boutique. Initially, however, housing African House was not easy and the owner could hardly find a lease contract and then she “never expected the ‘land of opportunity’ to have so many closed doors” (p. 32). Nevertheless, her mirage still lingered and thus her “faith of humanity felt renewed” when she found a space at Cherry Creek and she kept hope alive not knowing that her struggles against the Tivoli landlords would continue in a different form against the Tabor Center, a new site for Africa House. In fact, she soon got eviction notice from the Tabor Center and she had no choice but to hire a lawyer(s) and continue to fight. The newly hired lawyer reassured Tseghe that he will “file an injunction in federal court to block the eviction first in the morning.” (p. 73)
President-Elect Barack Obama Must Do Now-November
infrastructure, America is the envy of the
world. No nation has built superhighways,
perennial roads, and magnificent bridges as the
United States did. However, these
infrastructures need immediate attention for
repair, maintenance, and renovations. After all,
American infrastructure is the tributary and
lifeline of the economy. Renovating and
restructuring the infrastructure is tantamount
to revitalizing, cushioning, and boosting the
the Voting Rights Act, slightly over four
decades have elapsed and in due course the
United States has made remarkable progress in
race relations although vestiges of racism and
racial prejudice are still well and alive. The
psychology of racism is best exemplified by the
recent incident in western Pennsylvania where
some Whites explicitly and in no uncertain terms
declared that they would not vote for Obama
because he is Black. This might seem astounding
but it is not altogether surprising given the
deeply rooted racially divided United States
society. For all intents and purposes, racism
has subsided but it did not taper off completely
and with the coming of Obama to power, America
would undergo major restructuring in race
relations and hopefully for the better.
Governments Should Condemn Assault on Rights
York – Ethiopia’s parliament should reject a
draft law that would criminalize human rights
activity and seriously undermine civil society
groups, Human Rights Watch said today. Human
Rights Watch called on donor governments to
speak out publicly against the bill, which is
expected to be introduced in parliament this
Charities and Societies Proclamation (CSO law)
would provide the government a potent tool to
intimidate and weaken Ethiopia’s long
beleaguered civil society. Although the bill has
been revised twice since May 2008, the current
version retains many of the most alarming
provisions. “The only reason to have such a
repressive law is if it would be used to
strangle Ethiopia’s few remaining independent
voices,” said Georgette Gagnon, Africa
director at Human Rights Watch. “Donor
governments should make clear to Ethiopia that
enacting this law will threaten future funding.”
Society Leaders Call for Mass Protests Against
SW Radio Africa (London) 13 October 2008
By Lance GumaThe Secretary General of the
Progressive Teachers Union of Zimbabwe (PTUZ)
Raymond Majongwe, and Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA)
leader Jenni Williams, have both called for
street protests against Mugabe's move to grab
the key ministries. The state owned Herald on
Saturday published a list of ministries
allocated to ZANU PF and the MDC, by Mugabe
using a government gazette. The ZANU PF leader
grabbed Home Affairs, Defence, Justice,
Information, Local Government and Foreign
Affairs Ministries while giving the MDC minor
Paul Kagame has said that enabling all primary
school children to own computers was the
government's ultimate goal. This was during the
official launch of the One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
initiative at Jali Club yesterday. "Our
goal is to continue finding means and ways to
provide all primary school children in Rwanda
with this important learning tool," Kagame
said, adding that various schemes, including
encouraging parents to participate in buying
computers for their children, would be used.
Don't Rush Proposed Curriculum Reform
1 October 2008 New Vision (Kampala)-IT was good news yesterday that the education ministry suspended the implementation of a curriculum reform that would have drastically scaled down the number of subjects taught in secondary schools.
The proposal in its current form has several negative consequences. For instance, thousands of teachers would be made redundant if the proposal is implemented the way it is. This would send a wrong signal and make it difficult to attract students to the teaching profession.
D. Gollin-The connection between education and
personal economic advantage drives a global
market for higher education. But much of the
world cannot create additional university
capacity at a rate to match this demand. Diploma
mills, businesses that sell bogus degrees to
customers in search of easy credentials,
comprise the dark response to these market
forces. The recent demise of a sophisticated
American diploma mill provides some insight into
carted away the 24-meter (78-foot)
third-century AD granite funeral stela in 1937
on the orders of then-dictator Benito
Mussolini during his attempt to colonise
Despite a 1947
agreement that called for its return, the
obelisk had remained in Italy standing outside
the Rome headquarters of the UN Food and
Agriculture Organization, much to the anger of
Its return was
finally agreed upon in talks in Italy in
November 2004 between Ethiopian Prime Minister
Meles Zenawi and Italian Prime Minister Silvio
Berlusconi, but its arrival was then announced
and delayed several times.
2008 Olympics: Symbol of the Emergence of China
as a Global Power
Ghelawdewos AraiaAugust 10, 2008
On August 8, 2008
when I watched the opening ceremony of Beijing
2008 Olympics, I was mesmerized and totally
captivated by the 2008 drummers, not only by the
sheer elegance and symmetry of their polymetric
body movements, but also by their astounding
dramatic reenactment of the glorious past of
China. The talent of these seemingly robotic
drummers altogether blends the bounties of
nature and humanity and their gratifying
posture, in a word, was protean, displaying
great diversity in contradistinction to the
uniformity of their roles. The incredible
military-like pageantry of these drummers may
not get a satisfying intellectual explanation if
superficially observed but on close scrutiny the
4016 hands operated like two giant hands to
signify unity, and most importantly the 4016
glowing drum sticks used by the drummers
symbolize light of hope and bright future.
Day (Lagos) NEWS
15 July 2008 Lagos
A total of 57 programmes in technical colleges
and polytechnics have been reviewed under the
first phase of the UNESCO-Nigeria project for
the revitalization of Technical and Vocational
Education (TVE), National Coordinator of the
Project, Dr Nuru A. Yakubu has said. Yakubu
who is also the Executive Secretary of the
National Board for Technical Education (NBTE),
one of the unique features of the revised the
curricula, which have been made available to
stakeholders in hard and soft copies, was the
incorporation of ICT and Entrepreneurship
degree of dependence, however, varies from
country to country and across the board in
Africa. A significant number of Africans in the
early 1960s were vociferously and avowedly
independent, and fiercely independent regimes
like Sekou Toure of Guinea were penalized by
economic embargo and diplomatic ostracism. At
the other extreme of the continuum, there were
some leaders who either wanted to postpone
independence or simply continue the
patronization of their ‘mother country’
For the moment, though, it is the music of the past that is attracting the attention of the West. �thiopiques gathers an array of talents, among them singer Mahmoud Ahmed, who lifted a BBC World award last year, Alemayehu Eshete, saxophonist Getatchew Mekurya, and 'Ethio-jazz' bandleader Mulatu Astatke. It's these four who are heading for Europe, backed by the US jazz troupe Ether Orchestra.
Ethiopian Airlines says profits may hit record high
17, 2008, REUTERS
ADDIS ABABA: Ethiopian Airlines net profits for the first nine months of 2007/08 reached 484 million birr ($55.67 million), the airline said in a statement.
The state-owned carrier posted net profits of 129 million birr in 2006/07. The statement predicted that, based on the first nine months of 2007/08, the airline would achieve a record net profits and revenues. Expenses for the same period rose by 21 percent, the brunt of which Chief Executive Girma Wake said was spent on fuel.
"Fuel price remains of concern to the industry as a whole and Ethiopian believes that costs will continue to escalate into the next quarter given the present trend in price of fuel," Wake said. Revenues for the period rose 29 percent to 6.6 million birr, he said.
The airline transported 1.9 million passengers, a 19 percent increase on last year. Wake said the improvements in revenue and traffic were due to increased frequency of flights, the introduction of new routes and an increase in cargo revenue
: From Party-Mobilizing to
shall see what will happen in the run-off
elections! It seems to me, however, that Mugabe
could prevail only if he deploys all his secret,
army, and police forces all over Zimbabwe. This
last political ditch may not work for Mugabe
this time for three reasons:
Mugabe and his cronies are not as young and
energetic as they were in the early 1980s; the
wear and tear has taken a toll;
the bulk of the Zimbabweans, who got the brunt
of the crisis, are sick and tired of the
Zimbabwe has now virtually became a desolate and
isolated country in an increasingly globalized
and interacting world, and the only hope for
Zimbabwe’s resurrection is the MDC and other
essay will make a brief historical synopsis and
analysis of the crimes perpetrated by the
Italian fascists against the Ethiopian people in
the 1930s. At this particular juncture, it may
sound ironic to revisit the crimes against
humanity committed in Ethiopia by Fascist
henchmen like Marshall Pietro Badoglio and
Marshal Rodolfo Graziani, but sometimes the past
contends with the present especially if justice
has not been served and no official apologies
extended by state and/or religious leaders of
the perpetrator nation.This essay is also aimed
at reinforcing the Global Alliance for Ethiopia,
a group of Ethiopians’ initiative in an effort
to convince the Vatican and Pope Benedict XVI to
apologize to Ethiopians as he has done to the
Jews in Germany with respect to the Holocaust
committed by the Nazis. As a matter of fact, one
of the members of the Global Alliance for
Ethiopia, Ato Kidane Alemayehu has written a
letter to the Holiness Pope Benedict XVI (Vatican_Apology_to_Ethiopia.doc)
but to this day no answer was given.
otherwise the Kenyan constitution is completely
revised and re-written, the people of Kenya
cannot simply accept a sudden departure from the
politics that they are familiar with. According
to the present Kenyan constitution, the
President [Kibaki] is head of state and
government and is elected directly by the people
for a five-year term limited to two terms. The
president selects members of the cabinet from
the National Assembly and he also appoints the
governors of the respective districts (69
autonomous provincial districts) and members of
the judiciary including the Chief Justice and
High Court judges.
the first year of this campaign, against all
predictions to the contrary, we saw how hungry
the American people were for this message of
unity. Despite the temptation to view my
candidacy through a purely racial lens, we won
commanding victories in states with some of the
whitest populations in the country. In South
Carolina, where the Confederate Flag still
flies, we built a powerful coalition of African
Americans and white Americans. This is not to
say that race has not been an issue in the
campaign. At various stages in the campaign,
some commentators have deemed me either “too
black” or “not black enough.” We saw
racial tensions bubble to the surface during the
week before the South Carolina primary. The
press has scoured every exit poll for the latest
evidence of racial polarization, not just in
terms of white and black, but black and brown as
Obama becomes the next president, can America
adapt to the global changing circumstances?
Given America’s political history of
‘constancy and change,’ and the ability of
the nation to reinvent itself, the United States
will definitely attempt to accommodate the new
order rather than clash with it. The new world
order that I have alluded to above is not just a
multi-polar world tainted with balance of powers
but it is also going to herald peaceful
coexistence and cooperation among the peoples of
our planet earth. In order to foster such a
grandiose plan of international cooperation and
cultural exchange, an Obama type of leader is
the necessary prerequisite, because he has
already united the American people and will
bridge U. S. interests with other global
interests and he is of dual heritage, American
and African who can smoothly connect not just
Kenya but also the entire continent of Africa
with America. America needs a Barack Obama
leadership in the first decade to quarter of the
21st century, but we will have to
wait and see for its fruition.
- More than any moment in their history,
Ethiopians must jealously guard a united and
strong Ethiopia in an effort to continue the
legacy of their patriotic forefathers and
guarantee the national interest and security of
their nation. They should never succumb to
ethnic-specific issues despite the current
ethnocentric politics hovering over Ethiopian
communities at home and elsewhere. Unity and
brotherhood among various Ethiopian nationality
groups is extremely crucial, and Adwa is a
constant reminder of a unified force that can
virtually circumvent a negative political
monster that is aimed at dismantling the organic
and cohesive fabric of a given historic entity.
Ethiopians have witnessed peaceful coexistence
amongst themselves for millennia and they have
no wish other than harmony and fraternity toward
one another and toward others. It is in light of
the above reality, therefore, that we must now
celebrate the 110th anniversary of the victory
of Adwa, and so that our subscribers appreciate
in some depth and get the flavor of what Adwa
was all about, we have hereby post two articles
on the victory of Adwa written and presented by
Dr.Ghelawdewos Araia; one in English, presented
at Howard University (Washington, DC) and the
Dusable Museum (Chicago) for the centennial
celebration in 1996; the second, in Amharic,
presented before an Ethiopian audience in
Seattle for the 107th anniversary of Adwa in
Is the 111th anniversary of the victory
of Adwa. This IDEA editorial, however, is not
intended to present an elaborate version of the
history of Adwa victory. It is rather a critique
of the misguided perceptions and misconceptions
with respect to Adwa. Some Ethiopians think that
the victory of Adwa was the victory of the
people of Adwa. This category of people is
either misled by some mysterious and
unfathomable dictates or is simply ignorant of
the historical circumstances that led to the
battle of Adwa.
Makerere University Ranking Up
MAKERERE University has significantly moved up
the rankings of the top 100 universities in
to the latest rankings of world universities
updated in January 2008, the 86-year old
university is now placed at number 47th, seven
steps up from where it was last year. Makerere
is also the only Ugandan university that
features on the list. The Uganda Christian
University that was 97th in 2007 is off the
current ratings. The
highest ranked University in East Africa is
Strathmore University Nairobi at number 21.
Others are University of Dar es Salaam (22),
University of Nairobi (25), Egerton University
(33) and National University of Rwanda (44).
Plan to Provide 300 000 Adult Classes
mass literacy campaign, the Kha Ri Gude project,
is to provide basic literacy classes to 300 000
adults and youth. This
emerged from President Thabo Mbeki's State of
the Nation Address Friday, which focuses on a
Business Unusual approach, delivered at the
opening of Parliament in Cape Town on Friday.
part of the Adult Basic Education and Training
programme (ABET), the President said: "We
shall this month launch the Kha Ri Gude mass
literacy campaign. "This
will include the training of master trainers who
will provide basic literacy classes to 300 000
adults and youth in 2008."
By Bereket Kiros-Seeye
Abraha captured in his energetic articulation of
the inner reality of the diverse political views
(lives) of the many feuding Ethiopians and their
organizations. Chinua Achebe in his novel “A
Man of the People” narrates about two
contrasting groups of people in West Africa. In
that novel, he describes two characters
representing the old and the new generations of
politicians. The conflict between the old and
the new political systems is portrayed through
the two characters as they disagree and quarrel
over political views. Seeye likewise captured in
his articulation the essence of the present
conflict between Ethiopian politicians, the new
against the old, the leftist against the
rightist, the Derg against the democratic et
cetera that paralleled the main theme of
therefore, may continue to be a charismatic
persona representing hope and change, but in the
end it is the Electoral College, and not the
popular vote, that would decide the selection of
the would president of the United States of
America. To begin with, the Democratic Party,
Obama’s own party, out of fear losing to the
Republican Party, may not chose Obama as its
candidate in its forthcoming convention.
three-year 200,000 USD grant will help Bahir Dar
University create a regional institute of
excellence on disaster risk management and
sustainable development with support from the
University of Arizona (UA). The new project is
being implemented in partnership with the Higher
Education for Development.
say donors at a recent high-level meeting failed
to make firm funding commitments for improving
education, particularly in impoverished, fragile
and war-torn countries, making it highly
unlikely the world will meet ambitious education
goals by the 2015 deadline. "I cannot be
very optimistic," Ko�chiro Matsuura,
director-general of the UN Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO),
said at a press conference on 13 December in the
Senegalese capital, Dakar, at the close of the
three-day meeting of the High-Level Group on
Education for All, which brought together
education ministers, donors and development
is a new addition to the volumes of works on the
Horn of Africa. From the back page of the Book:
In this book Professor Tesfatsion Medhanie
explores the possibility of confederal relations
between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Such an
arrangement could become the nucleus of a Horn
of Africa confederation. The author discusses
the obstacles at present and the necessary
conditions for success in this regard.
we follow Diamond’s extrapolations, therefore,
HR 2003 will only serve as an extension of the
old-fashioned ‘carrot and stick’ policy and
will not realize Congress’ intention of
scrutinizing the Ethiopian government on “human
rights violations”, but by default could
penalize and harm Ethiopia. It is simple logic:
In the absence of the vital institutions for the
establishment of democracy, we cannot have
viable democratic governance in Ethiopia or
elsewhere in the Third World.
University has directed the sh600m meant to pay
for Internet services to fixing its roads. The
university secretary, Sam Akorimo, attributed
the shift to the Government's failure to include
the university in its budget for road repairs
ahead of the Commonwealth meeting (CHOGM) next
is to participate in the next international
mathematics and science Olympiad competition,
the director general, National Mathematical
Centre Abuja, has said. The center at the
weekend held preparatory exams in all the states
of the federation and FCT which will be followed
by the geo-political and the national one in
order to chose those that will represent the
country at the international event.October
of burying oneself in the sand – the ostrich
syndrome – the best critique of my article
would have been a thoughtful analysis that is
credible, plausible, and enumerates in plain but
coherent English what Ethiopians can do for
their country. Moreover, a critic’s
responsibility is to critically examine
concepts, themes, and controversies that are
part of the corpus of a given essay without
resorting to polemics and sarcastically
appealing to the powers that be for attention
and personal gains. However, as I have stated in
the introduction of this essay, we must tolerate
a broader continuum of perspectives including
the sublime and the absurd. Our destiny has been
to traverse a complex path tainted with positive
and negative attributes, in order to achieve a
relatively sane and democratic society.
“In the last fifteen years, I have argued all
along that the EPRDF government needs to attract
Ethiopian intellectuals and professionals and
utilize their expertise and talent. So far, I
have not witnessed the use of Ethiopian
professionals en masse for nation building,
notwithstanding the few and far in between
favored officials that hold ministerial
positions and other portfolios. If the Meles
regime is indeed in favor of ‘educated and
healthy workforce, world-class managers and
professionals,’ it should openly extend its
hands to all Ethiopians, especially those who
are scattered all over the Diaspora.
Irrespective of our differences and political
inclinations, I personally like the government
of Ethiopia to reach out fellow Ethiopians who
are willing to contribute to the transformation
of their country and the welfare of their
unique character of Ethiopian art is the legacy
of its situation high in the mountains on the
Horn of Africa. Though remote and often isolated
it evolved a tradition, going back to the fourth
century AD, in response to contacts with
Byzantine, European and Islamic cultures.
Beginning in the twelfth century, elaborate
crosses were cast and engraved in iron and
bronze. Painted and carved icons were produced
in a tradition that reached its peak at the end
of the seventeenth century. Above all it is
richly illustrated manuscripts that have
provided the most defining expression of
Now, we have high hope that the 26,000 UN troops will effectively monitor the activities of the Janjaweed and the mood and unpredictable behavior of the Beshir regime. First thing is first: the UN peacekeeping forces must end all violence in Darfur by fully involving the spokesmen and representatives of the people of Darfur in their own affair. Whatever actions and resolutions are taken without the involvement of the people of Darfur would become meaningless and ineffective. Beyond the people of Darfur, the involvement of other Africans via the African Union (AU) is also crucially
is important, now, however, is the pardoning and
freedom of the 38 CUD leaders. It is a delight
to witness their reunion with their respective
families, as Siye Abraha did with his family and
his ailing mother. We also wish the Kinijit
leaders a happy and prosperous life as well asreintegration in Ethiopian politics, and
if they pursue the latter they must seriously
consider the subtle nuances of Third World
politics; they must transcend cultural and
linguistic (ethnic politics) affinities; they
should not be limited to and motivated by
political considerations (the power nexus) but
should also consider the exigencies of economic
development or transformative politics;
a supporter of President Clinton's work, you
understand we all have the unprecedented ability
to help others. We hope you'll put this
power to action and join
the Clinton Foundation on our journey as we
strive to make a difference in the fight against
HIV/AIDS, poverty and climate change in Africa.
Kisambira- Resource-rich African countries and those with big economies like Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya, Angola, DRC, Egypt, Libya, should really be judged by the MDGs because they and should do much better than that. Even the poorer countries like Ethiopia can do better if they set their priority right. If Ethiopia has resources to occupy another country it can certainly do better at home.
Africa:SADC to Set Up Gas, Petroleum
Edwin- The secretariat said the consultant will be tasked to identify petroleum and gas issues that need
harmonization and draft appropriate specifications, rules, and standards.
The consultant will identify functions, tasks and structure of the regional petroleum and gas sector association and advise on the feasibility of having a composite regional energy regulator encompassing electricity, petroleum and gas. The East African region is said to have a high oil and gas potential. This has seen players in the industry call for joint petroleum exploration ventures.
The secretariat of the East African Community hosted the third East African Petroleum Conference in Arusha, this March at which sector development in the sub-region was discussed.
By Dr. Tajudeen
Kampala- There are countries that are doing quite well on a number of the goals even if they may not meet all of them. Across the continent in education, most of the countries have seen huge rises in enrolment in primary schools as a result of debt relief and new prioritization of the education of our children by many governments. Uganda, for instance, has raised the gear from universal primary education to the secondary level; Kenya is considering the same. Malawi has proven that where there is a will there is a way and even Africa's sleeping giant, Nigeria has reintroduced compulsory universal basic education.
the eve of this historic African Heads of States
meeting with a possible impending decision
expected onhowand when to implement the one and only
one item on the agenda: the African Union
Government: towards the United states of Africa,
NES joins all the inspiring pan-Africanists such
as Kwame Nkrumah, George Padmore and others to
urge Africans to make a big- bang burst into
world history by doing Pan-Africanism in
practice and making it work by deploying
knowledge rather than to use as usual hundred
not so good reasons why Africans should continue
to talk unity while keepingseparate and apart from each other.
Freedom to Political Prisoners is a Step in the
Right Direction 6/23/2007 We at
IDEA do not pretend to act as strategic peace
brokers between the Ethiopian Government and the
opposition, but we wish peace and development
(two faces of the same coin) to prosper in
Ethiopia. The Government and the Opposition,
therefore,must find ways and means to negotiate
their interests and differences via dialogue and
civil discourse without resorting to antagonism
and coercion. Both groups must understand that
in any political process the interests of
political groups are accompanied, almost always,
by internally generated impulses that could
either be contained or go out of hand. In any
event, both the opposition and the Government
are responsible for developing creative
individual niches to systematically control
Editorial June 8, 2007-Most
importantly, history cannot be written by people
who harbor phobia to some ethnic group within
Ethiopia and by people who suffer selective
amnesia. The latter is a debilitating disease
that creates discord among people who, in one
form or another, pursue a relatively harmonious
relationship. The guarantee for Ethiopian unity
is, first and foremost respect of the various
cultures and linguistic groups that make up
Ethiopia. Just advocating Ethiopian unity
without due recognition of Ethiopian
nationalities (another version of selective
amnesia) is empty rhetoric and jingoistic.
State Minister Calls On Universities to Attach Due Attention to Quality Research
Ethiopian Herald (Addis Ababa
June 4, 2007
Universities should attach due attention to quality research as they are instrumental in ensuring speedy and sustainable growth, the Ministry of Education said. State Minister of Education Dr. Adhana Haile underscored at a research and study symposium here Thursday that higher learning institutions need to give due attention to quality research works as they have significant contribution towards boosting production and productivity.
Government Promotes Reading Culture Among Children
New Vision (Kampala) June 4, 2007
By Francis Emorut and Penlope Nankunda
THE Government is to partner with Uganda Children's Writers and Illustrators Association (UCWIA) to promote a reading culture among African children, the minister of Labour Gender and Social Development, Syda Bbumba, has said. In a speech presented by William Otim, a commissioner in the gender ministry, Bbumba said: "I'm very satisfied with the activities which UCWIA carries out. The Government of Uganda is ready to be a willing partner in the pursuit of your goals."
Ethiopian community and friends in Muenster,
Paulos Daffa passed away on Friday, May 11, 2007
at the University Clinic in Muenster. His
funeral service was held on May 18, 2007 in
Daffa was born on August 19, 1946 in Aira,
Wallaga, Ethiopia as second son of Rev. Daffa
Djammo and Woizero Kanntu Karorssa. He attended
elementary school at the German Mission School
in Aira and junior secondary school at the
Entoto Swedish Mission School in Addis Ababa.
Later he attended General Wingate Secondary
School in Addis Ababa. He was an outstanding
student, a fine athletic person and a
development activist already during his teenage
years. He received several awards in athletics
including first prizes in 800 and 1500 m race
from the hands of the late Emperor Haile
Africa and Asia by Bridge
IDEA Scholar Research Staff
huge but compact landmass of Africa can be
abridged at two points, namely the Straight of
Gibraltar and the Straight of Bab al Mendab,
with Europe and Asia respectively. The distance between
Morocco and Spain is only 9 miles and that of
Yemen and Djibouti is about 12 miles. Although
Africa is already connected with the Arabian
Peninsula via the Sinai, there is no modern
infrastructure that really joins the two
continents. Now an ambitious plan to connect
Yemen and Djibouti by the longest suspension
bridge in the world will be undertaken by the
Noor City Development Corporation of Napa,
California. The American company was authorized
by a Dubai-based developer, and once the bridge
is completed it will have a tremendous impact on
the development of Djibouti and Ethiopia as well
as the rest of the Horn of Africa. For further
information please see Tom Sawyer’s report by
linking to the following
objective of this article, as its title implies,
is to advocate a lasting peace through mediation
and dialogue in an effort to quell the seeming
permanence of conflict within
and its neighbors. The article will engage and
appeal to the political regime, the opposition,
and the various institutions of learning to
implement peaceful conflict resolution
mechanisms. As we shall see below, a whole gamut
of strategies and array of concepts and
methodologies are suggested in the resolution of
conflicts, and the responsible institutions, it
seems to me, must effectively play their
positive catalytic role in order to have a
relatively safe, peaceful, and tranquil society.
HIV/AIDS is having a devastating effect on many
developing countries of Africa, largely by
undermining human capital particularly in the
, and Uganda etc. The disease affects primarily
the adult population in its most productive
years thereby thwarting population incentives to
save and invest. The epidemic disease of AIDS
destroys the social fabric of whole communities
and undermines the capacity of government to
provide basic social services and essentially
curtails the potential for sustained economic
development and social transformation.
premise that education is a central pillar of
human resource development is widely accepted in
Ghana. Education produces knowledge, skills,
values and attitudes. Education is critical for
economic growth and poverty reduction. Through
education there is a development of critical
thinking skills to create human capital to
affect workers productivity and distribution of
new wealth. Ghana @ 50 therefore demands frank
assessment of the various interventions in
education delivery in the country to guide our
actions, from the current rallying cry of a fall
in standard of education to a reality of
Neva Makgetla April
year when matric comes around, we hear about
plucky schools in dirt-poor communities that
achieve a decent pass rate. But the reality is
that education remains heavily inequitable, with
worse resourcing and outcomes for poor, black
and female children. In 2003, only 12% of
Africans who took matric got a university
exemption, compared with 51% of white learners.
ancient Egyptians virtually gave us all major
attributes of civilization: agriculture
(irrigation), architecture (pyramids, obelisks,
temples etc), mathematics (numerical and
standard measures), medicine (Imhotep’s legacy
–he is the first physician, not Hippocrates-,
herbal pharmacology, anatomy, mummification
etc), art of government (Egypt is the first
nation), and collection of wealth.
The Southern African Development Community (SADC), which has pushed for an approach of 'quiet diplomacy' to the Zimbabwean crisis, has increasingly come under fire for failing to wield any influence." - IRIN, March 23, 2007 Attacks on protesters and opposition leaders in Zimbabwe have provoked a new level of criticism, particularly in the Southern Africa region. But it is still unclear what Zimbabwe's neighbors and the international community more generally can do to help check the
naming this book I liken myself to a tigress, a
strong animal always ready to fight for her
rights. Being in the crossfire represents the
trials and heartaches I went through in order to
help the nation achieve the status it has today.
The illustration of the rays of the morning sun
shinning down on the tigress depicts the ongoing
journey into a new tomorrow for Ethiopia and its
people.” From the back cover of the book.
Winfrey is the embodiment of goodness and a
blessed woman destined to donate her love and
her money to African children. If Oprah had
lived several centuries in the African past and
happen to be part of the
mythology, she would have been named Hakata
(sacred dice). Among the Bantu of Southern
Africa, especially among the people of
, legend has it that the Hakata was sought and
consulted whenever drought, famine, and
2, 2007 is the 111th anniversary of the victory
of Adwa. This IDEA editorial, however, is not
intended to present an elaborate version of the
history of Adwa victory. It is rather a critique
of the misguided perceptions and misconceptions
with respect to Adwa. Some Ethiopians think that
the victory of Adwa was the victory of the
people of Adwa. This category of people is
either misled by some mysterious and
unfathomable dictates or is simply ignorant of
the historical circumstances that led to the
battle of Adwa.
September the world could have celebrated it at
the same time had it not been for a historical
accident. We all recall that seven years ago
most of the world celebrated the Millennium
according to the Gregorian calendar. Did you
know that the Gregorian calendar came into being
only 425 years ago? The Christian world was
using the Julian calendar up until 1582 A.D.
This was more or less the same calendar that we
use in Ethiopian to this very day.
Note Demonstrators delivered over 10,000
Valentine cards to the U.S. Treasury this week
asking the U.S. Treasury Secretary to "have
a heart" and cancel Liberia's debt. With
the Liberia Partners' Forum in Washington
scheduled for next week, even the International
Monetary Fund (IMF) has stated that the debt is
unsustainable. But more than a year after
President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf took office,
Liberia is still being asked to repay arrears on
accumulated debt. This AfricaFocus Bulletin
contains a press advisory on the demonstration
and the campaign to collect Valentine cards,
supported by the named groups as well as by
others such as Africa Action; excerpts from a
background paper on Liberia's debt from the
Jubilee USA Network, and from a "Report
Card" issued by non- governmental
organizations on the international response to
Liberia over the last year.
literally connotes to all-Africa (n) movement
that embraces the ideology of liberation for
continental and Diaspora Africans in the
political, economic and cultural spheres.
Pan-Africanism has a rich but complex tapestry
that dates back to the 18th century.
To be sure, however, the ideological roots of
Pan-Africanism are not in Africa but in the
Caribbean and the
. In point of fact the early harbingers of
Pan-Africanism are Prince Hall, who demanded the
repatriation of Blacks to Africa by directly
confronting the State Assembly in Massachusetts
in 1787, and Paul Cuffee, another Bostonian, *
Quaker, and a shipbuilder, who actually ventured
in resettling 40 African Americans in Sierra
Leone from the United States in 1815.
is our hope, and this is the faith that I go
back to the South with. With this faith, we will
be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a
stone of hope. With this faith, we will be able
to transform the jangling discords of our nation
into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With
this faith, we will be able to work together, to
pray together, to struggle together, to go to
jail together, to stand up for freedom together,
knowing that we will be free one day.
crisis in Sudan's Darfur region is intensifying
without a meaningful response from the White House
[despite President Bush's promise not to allow genocide 'on his watch'].
Perhaps Harvard professor Samantha Power's tongue-in-cheek
theory is correct: The memo was inadvertently placed on top of the
president's wristwatch,and he didn't want it to happen again. But if
Bush's expressions of
concern for the victims in Darfur are genuine,
then why isn't his administration taking real action?" - John
is of paramount importance that we must first
understand the complexity of the
Ethiopia-Somalia relations by delving into and
dissecting the history and cultures of these
peoples and reasonably deciphering the root
causes of the conflicts. It is for this apparent
reason that I wrote several articles pertinent
to the Horn crisis including the following: The
Horn of Africa: Conflict and Conflict Resolution
(1997)1 and The Enigma of the
Ethiopia-Somalia Relations and the Islamic
Factor (2002)2 The latter was
picked up by ‘Camel Milk Threads’ or www.somaliaonline.com,
a Somali cyber group, and some found my article
“an interesting piece regarding history of the
Somali Ethiopian animosity;” others regarded
‘the Amhara and Tigray colonial ambitions’
as the cause of the conflict...
Dec 6, 2006
— - Kimani Nganga Maruge is cooking a sweet potato in a battered tin pot over a pile of smoldering corn cobs. He sits on a rickety wooden chair on a patch of mud outside his one-room, mud-walled home.
His son, James, is with him on a Sunday afternoon, reading to him from the bible. As Maruge leans over to stir the pot, he flashes his trademark toothy grin.
Watch the full report tonight on "World News With Charles Gibson," at 6:30pm, EST.
He is proud, he says, that he's learning to read the Bible and speak a little English. Maruge is 86 years old. And he is in third grade.
When he first tried to enroll in the local elementary school in this poor village outside El Doret, in western Kenya, the principal brushed him off
part of what we do in the report is sorting out
what the problem
is. We commissioned a study, which we did with
the World Health
Organization, trying to understand the real
public health outcomes
from the water crisis in Africa. The headline
number that comes
out is: globally there are roughly two million
child deaths as a
result of not having access to clean water. And
Africa is hugely
over represented in that number. It accounts for
a third or more, roughly 40% of total child
deaths from water-related
problems. That is a health outcome.
Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia
November 18, 2006 If
there are no foundations and necessary
ingredients that contribute to a vibrant
democratic culture, how is it possible then that
I urge Africans to learn from the American
experiment? Understandably, in the absence of
democratic principles and practice, one could
not expect much for an overnight triumph of free
and fair elections. Notwithstanding the clich�
‘more time is needed to foster democracy in
Africa,’ it is crucially important for
Africans to begin to admit their weaknesses,
appreciate other democratic cultures and learn
from them. Even if we agree that comparison
between the US and Africa is a futile exercise
in history, there is no doubt that we can gain
immensely and make great stride not so much in
implementing democratic principles but in
borrowing ideas that could help us inculcate the
democratic culture. Thus, Africans should begin
at the beginning and take ‘lessons in
Nov 4, 2006 BEIJING - China launched a sweeping
effort Saturday to expand its access to Africa's
oil and markets, pledging billions of dollars in
aid and loans as dozens of leaders from the
world's poorest continent opened a conference
aimed at building economic ties. pledged to
double China's aid to Africa from its 2006 level
by 2009. Speaking at the conference's opening
ceremony, he promised $3 billion in loans, $2
billion in export credits and a $5 billion fund
to encourage Chinese investment in Africa.
Celebrates 30 Years in Rwanda October
18, 2006 Last week, at Kigali Institute
of Science and Technology (KIST), the United
Nations Education Scientific and Cultural
Organisation (UNESCO) celebrated 60 years of its
existence. The celebrations, which coincided
with thirty years of the organisation's
existence in Rwanda, drew students from nine
schools, teachers and the general public.
18, 2006 The United Nations Development
Programme(UNDP) and the public university
Agostinho Neto, as well as the private higher
education institutions of the Catholic church
"UCAN", Jean Piaget and Lus�adas will
sign this Wednesday, at the UN head-office in
Luanda, memorandums of understanding to
stimulate the scientific interchange among these
has been lucky to have extremely intelligent
politicians leading her foreign affairs ever
since the time of Emperor Menelik II. At the
beginning of the twentieth century, once the
Emperor realized that the country’s connection
with foreign nations was vital to his ambitious
development plans for his nation, he knew
finding the right person to place at the helm of
this crucial post was equally vital.
Alemseged is the first Ethiopian to lead a
research team that has made such an important
discovery. He is a bright young scientist who
has studied in the US and Europe and is
currently attached to the Max Planck Institute
for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig,
Teachers Advised to Do More in the Training of
Children Mr Anthony Amoah, Western Regional
Minister has said that teachers have the duty to
mould children under their care into future
leaders that society can be proud of. He noted
with concern that some teachers do not work hard
enough to unearth the talents of their pupils.
are excited that we have found a way to return
to Ethiopia, a program that has had a long
standing history of warmly accepting volunteers
into local communities," said Dr. Olsen.
"Our hope is that the Ethiopia program
becomes a model for the accomplishments that
Peace Corps volunteers demonstrate in the health
field around the world."
Institute of Development and Education for
Africa (IDEA) presents the partial images
of Mekelle, the capital of the State of
Tigray that has witnessed in recent years swift
transformation in infrastructure, commerce, and
capacity building. However, as you can see in
these pictures, some scenes are intact and
objectify reminiscence of the old Mekelle. IDEA
challenges its subscribers to recognize places
in Mekelle, figure out what they are, and answer
the questions below by writing to firstname.lastname@example.org
IDEA Research Scholar Report,
September 8, 2006-IDEA
representative, Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia, also met
several faculty members, diligent and studios
Africana scholar students at CAS, and the
wonderful Ms. Janet Woodruff who meticulously
and lucidly explained the mission and objectives
of CAS and ALAADS. In due course of her
conversation with Dr. Araia, Janet underscored
the necessity and significance of recapturing
the experience of the African Diaspora in
Connecticut and the United States.
the absence of any government intervention, a
report on “The Macroeconomics of HIV/AIDS”
cautions that an otherwise growing economy
severely affected by HIV/AIDS could contract to
about one-third its size in three generations.
Devarajan, a co-author of the new research
findings, says, “AIDS does much more than
destroying the existing ability and capabilities
– the human capital – embodied in its
victims; it also weakens the mechanisms through
which human capital is formed in the next
generation and beyond” (qtd. in Jackson, Theis,
and McMahon screen 1). Indeed, HIV/AIDS is
distorting the very fabric of everyday life in
the region, with profound implications for both
social and economic development for succeeding
generations (CHG 4).
Dr. Ghelawdewos Araia
The objective of
this article is to critically examine the
overall thesis of Meles Zenawi’s paradigm
shift with respect to African development. It
is, in effect, an overview of the theme under
discussion and the tenets and points of view
incorporated in the preliminary draft presented
by Meles Zenawi (henceforth MZ), the Prime
Minister of Ethiopia.
of Parliament (MPs) meeting in Malawi's capital,
Lilongwe, to discuss the 2006/07 budget have
called for the education system to be
overhauled, with the abolition of community day
secondary schools (CDSSs) as one of the options July
Eastern Cape Department of Education (ECDOE) has
embarked on a programme to promote the
integration of information and communication
technologies (ICTs) in all its operations in
order to enhance education service delivery in
the province. July
Emperor Tewodros, Emperor Yohannes IV is another
great visionary whose person is characterized by
unparalleled altruism, incomparable sense of
justice and humanist principle at its core. By
his utmost commitment to his people and his
country and his indefatigable patriotism,
Yohannes makes every Ethiopian a dwarf-thinking
Africa Conference 2006
The Institute of Development and Education for
Africa (IDEA) had posted an article entitled
'E-Learning For Economic Development of
Ethiopia' by Nega Worku Debela, Ph.D, on
September 27 2005. The article discusses 'the
benefits and challenges of E-learning and
further explores how web-based E-courses will
impact the economic development of
. For further reading please click on the
following link: www.africanidea.org/e-learning.html
I am contacting you with regard to the 1st
International Conference on ICT for Development,
Education and Training which will take place
from May 24 - 26, 2006 in
(www.elearning-africa.com). eLearning Africa 2006 is a new conference organized by ICWE GmbH and
Hoffmann & Reif that focuses on ICT for
development, education and training in
. The event will establish and link a network of
decision makers from governments and
administrations with universities, schools,
governmental and private training providers,
industry, and important partners in development
cooperation. eLA 2006 is supported by the United
Nations Commission for
and the European Commission's DG Information
Society. The Ethiopian Ministry of
has taken the patronage over the conference. The
event will be accompanied by an exhibition.
Please, see also our web page: www.elearning-africa.com. Press releases are available under: http://www.elearning-africa.com/press_release.php.
Journalists who wish to report on the event can
be accredited: http://www.elearning-africa.com/press_accreditation.php.
Press Badges are limited to members of the
written or electronic press currently employed
by a news organisation. Journalists must present
valid 2006 press cards or press credentials.
Freelance writers must present an original
letter of assignment and one sample of a by
lined article published in the last year.
Electronic Media and camera or sound crews are
required to present a business card. Online
publications are required to present a business
card reflecting an editorial title, plus a copy
of a by lined article.
Please contact us at email@example.com if you wish to attend the Opening Event of eLearning Africa 2006 or
register onsite at the registration desk of
eLearning Africa 2006.
Please do not hesitate to contact me for more
information. With kindest regards
to Furnish Engineering Laboratories in
The Federal Government has secured funds from
the Petroleum Technology Development Funds (PTDF)
to furnish the engineering laboratories of one
Federal Polytechnic in each of the six
geographical zones of the country.
Govt Introduces Distance-Learning Education
Programmes. THE government has
introduced distance-learning education
programmes from grades eight to twelve in its
effort to attain Education for All
goals.Launching the 'Alternative Upper Basic and
High School Programmes' at Kabulonga High School
yesterday, education deputy minister Gunston
Chola said the ministry recognised the right for
every Zambian to have good quality education and
focused on key factors of educational provision
such as access, equity and quality maintenance
at all level.
are at a time when political turmoil in Ethiopia
has taken much of our time, thoughts and
discussions. Multitudes of criticisms and
recommendations have been forwarded by many
concerned citizens. Many have also been exerting
relentless efforts to stretch the domestic
political tension beyond control. Historically
shameful and strategically awful alliances have
been reestablished between a neighboring
dictator and remnants of the brutal Dergue
associated with CUD. All criminals of the past
declared amnesty among each other and joined
hands to topple EPRDF.
light of current concerns about the plight of
black males: their astronomical rate of
incarceration, their high drop out rates from
public high schools, and their scarcity in the
nation’s colleges and universities, it is
important to place the education of African
Americans in a historical context.
on the current situation in Ethiopia.To
some people who did not know the leadership of
the TPLF properly, the end of the military
regime seemed to be the end of terror and they
hoped that peace would prevail and the
recurrence of famine would be prevented by
economic development. Those who felt relieved
took the rhetoric on democracy by the new power
holders at its face value and they expected
changes for a better future. Those who received
the TPLF with skepticism had also lack of
information on the TPLF and gave the new regime
the benefit of doubt.
Metamorphosis of Eritrean Names, from Birth to
person sent the following humor to IDEA, INC.,
and if the writer of the humor is still around
and likes to be acknowledged by our Institute,
he or she may contact us off-line. We have
preserved the content of the humor as in its
original, but we have added explanatory notes at
the end so that subscribers (Tigrigna and
non-Tigrigna readers alike) can grasp the
essence of the leitmotif and root words.
Ancient skull found in Ethiopia
Monday, 27 March 2006
Fossil hunters in Ethiopia have unearthed an ancient skull which they say could be a "missing link" between Homo erectus and modern people.
Minister of Trade and Industry said Ethiopia has
made significant progress in preparing itself to
compete in the global economy. Ahmed Tusa said
the measures taken by the government in the WTO
accession process include simplification of
tariffs, customs modernization, undertaking
privatization programme, encouraging investment
and upgrading infrastructure.
3/14/2006 The Gondar University has begun
preparations to construct a national ophthalmic
hospital and training center at a cost of 12.5
million Birr, the presidents office said. In a
statement sent to Ethiopian News Agency, the
office said on Monday seven million Birr of the
stated sum would be used for the construction of
a building for an ophthalmic hospital while the
balance goes to the refurbishment of the
hospital and construction of the training
exaggerated horror of many western powers, in
the 1920s, a series of Japanese visitors sought
to expand trade between Japan and Ethiopia.Japanese representatives attended Hayle
Sellase’s Coronation in 1930, and soon
afterward signed a Treaty of Friendship and
Commerce with Ethiopia.The next year, the Ethiopians promulgated
a constitution closely modeled on Japan’s
Meiji Constitution of 1889.Capping this rapprochement, Foreign
Minister Heruy Welde Sellase, one of
Ethiopia’s most influential “Japanizers,”
visited Japan in late 1931.Heruy sought commercial and political
ties as well as military aid.Widely f�ted, Heruy and his party
examined many of Japan’s most important
industrial and military facilities.Many of Japan’s most influential
nationalist leaders eagerly greeted him hoping
to find in Ethiopia an important ally in the
struggle of “colored peoples” against white
colonialism and imperialism.
AND NATIONAL RECONCILIATION SHOULD SERVE AS
POLITICS IN ETHIOPIA. February
Institute of Development and Education for
Africa (IDEA) Inc. likes to encourage the
Ethiopian government to further explore the
expediency of dialogue an ad national
reconciliation in an effort to resolve the
contradictions between itself and the plethora
of opposition parties in Ethiopia. It is a step
forward for the ruling party of Ethiopia to come
to terms with the United Ethiopian Democratic
Forces and the Oromo Federalist Democratic
Movement. But the initiative, as significant as
it is, could not become a milestone in Ethiopian
politics in so far the main opposition leaders
of the Coalition for Unity and Democracy (CUD/Kinijit)
are behind bars. Now is the time for the
Government to deal with Kinijit and other
opposition groups in a peaceful and civil way.
Let bygones be bygones and let Ethiopia embark
upon a threshold of historical opportunity to
resolve political contradictions peacefully.
Ethiopia, in fact, can
redeem itself via genuine dialogue and home
grown initiatives and the creation of a
permanent platform (commission and/or body)that
can oversee future problems and political
cul-de-sac and come up with a panacea
collectively prescribed by the Ethiopian people.
12, 2006- More than any moment in their history, Ethiopians must jealously guard a united and strong Ethiopia in an effort to continue the legacy of their patriotic forefathers and guarantee the national interest and security of their nation. They should never succumb to ethnic-specific issues despite the current ethnocentric politics hovering over Ethiopian communities at home and elsewhere. Unity and brotherhood among various Ethiopian nationality groups is extremely crucial, and Adwa is a constant reminder of a unified force that can virtually circumvent a negative political monster that is aimed at dismantling the organic and cohesive fabric of a given historic entity. Ethiopians have witnessed peaceful coexistence amongst themselves for millennia and they have no wish other than harmony and fraternity toward
one another and toward others. It is in light of the above reality, therefore, that we must now celebrate the 110th anniversary of the victory of Adwa, and so that our subscribers appreciate in some depth and get the flavor of what Adwa was all about, we have hereby post two articles on the victory of Adwa written and presented by Dr.Ghelawdewos Araia; one in English, presented at Howard University (Washington, DC) and the Dusable Museum (Chicago) for the centennial celebration in 1996; the second, in Amharic, presented before an Ethiopian audience in Seattle for the 107th anniversary of Adwa in 2003.
The visibility of Dr. King's leadership attracted fierce opposition from the supporters of institutionalized racism. In 1956, white supremacists bombed the King family home in Montgomery. Mrs. King and the couple's first child narrowly escaped injury. The Kings had four children in all: Yolanda Denise; Martin Luther, III; Dexter Scott; and Bernice Albertine. Although the demands of raising a family had caused Mrs. King to retire from singing, she found another way to put her musical background to the service of the cause. She conceived and performed a series of critically acclaimed Freedom Concerts, combining poetry, narration and music to tell the story of the Civil Rights movement. Over the next few years, Mrs. King staged Freedom Concerts in some of America's most distinguished concert venues, as fundraisers for the organization her husband had founded, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
fake and/or real commander-in-chief in the
United States does not have to worry about
allocating resources and infrastructure.
America, after all, is the richest country on
the planet and the world envies it in
infrastructure. Drawing comparison between the
USA and Liberia is like comparing the head of a
pin with that of an ox, but as per the title of
this article, we can make a reverse comparison
in which Liberia became the first nation ever in
Africa to have the first woman president while
America has only a fake one. In this respect,
the analogy of the pinhead and the ox-head is
reversed; the pin symbolizes the USA and the Ox
Ghelawdewos Araia- January
14 , 2006 There are many heroes
and heroines that have captured our
imagination and become the centerpiece of
historical anecdotes. But they are very few born
leaders that have been fascinations of societies
for centuries and will remain so for generations
to come. Alula Abba Nega is one such a leader
and charismatic magnanimous persona at that.
is indeed made up of significant events which
shape our future and outstanding leaders who
influence our destiny. Martin Luther King's
contributions to our history place him in this
inimitable position. In his short life, Martin
Luther King was instrumental in helping us
realize and rectify those unspeakable flaws
which were tarnishing the name of America. The
events which took place in and around his life
were earth shattering, for they represented an
America which was hostile and quite different
from America as we see it today
January 15, 2006 Posted at
5:43 PM EST Associated Press Lagos,
— Nigerian troops battled militia fighters in
swamps around a Royal Dutch Shell PLC oil
platform that militants attacked at dawn Sunday,
the third assault on Shell oil facilities in
less than a week in the troubled region.
African economy has seen some positive signs and
a few good examples to look up to in the recent
years. During the period between 1995 and 2003,
the economy in the sub-Saharan African region
grew by an average of 3.5 percent every year.
The year 2004 was 4.5 percent. The World Bank
and the International Monetary Fund both
predicted it to top five percent this year.
Quite a few countries, such as Uganda, South
Africa and the oil producing West African lot,
have performed especially well along the way.
But the United Nations has already given a
verdict on African poverty, saying its
population living in extreme poverty has
increased during the past decade, and will
continue to increase in the near future,
expected to be around 340 million in 2015,
drawing a bizarre picture where poverty
increases while the economy marches on.
individuals with ignominious intentions could
careless of our commonality, let alone the
oneness of humanity, and they have a special
drive and appetite (not to mention their hidden
agenda) for discord among people, who in one
form or another, are tied by complex and
historical and cultural connections. This, in
short, is my understanding of the relationship
between the peoples of Ethiopia and Eritrea and
other people in the Horn of Africa.
13, 2005 The cause for
human suffering, in almost all cases is the
psychological makeup of people (individuals and
groups) manifested in the form of ideological
fanaticisms, jingoistic nationalism, religious
bigotry, anti-Semitism, racism, and
ethnocentrism. These manifestations are, by and
large, reflections of what we call prejudice.
The phenomenon of prejudice occurs as a result
of ignorance and/or misunderstanding, but it is
not simply a psychic dimension that is enveloped
within the minds of individuals or groups; it is
rather a developmental social process that
breeds hate directed against a certain group of
people, and once it is ingrained in the
ontological fabric of society, it could become
dangerous. At this stage, prejudice could be
obsession [nal] and could foment paranoid
politics at state level.
Institute of Development and Education for
Africa (IDEA) has been diligently researching on
quality education for Africans in the Continent
but in due course, it stumbled on a very serious
crime in scholarship and the academia, the
non-existing universities (mostly European) that
provide forged diplomas and degrees. The fake
universities are online vendors only and don't
have staff (except for one or two cyber
criminals), faculty, campus, buildings,
libraries, gyms and other facilities that all
conventional universities provide. But the most
worrisome and frightening thing is the fact that
these fraudulent universities award professional
degrees such as family counseling,
psychiatry,epidemiology,oncology that could be
detrimental to the unsuspecting patients who
would be treated by hypocritical and ignoramus
professionals that don't have any degree or
expertise in the disciplines mentioned above.
22, 2005 This
article will further discuss the central themes
of Coalition Government and Comparative
Politics: Meanings for Ethiopia and Humanizing
the Ethiopian Political Culture, most recent
essays that I presented to the reader. The
focus, this time, is on the current Ethiopian
crisis, and as the title amply demonstrates we
shall decidedly analyze political culture and
the problem of power sharing. A macro analysis
of political culture will be followed through in
order to render a meaningful and critical
examination of the big picture that, in turn,
incorporates attitudes, psychological make-up
(including the psychology of power), and power
Alemaya University has finalized preparations to
launch distance education in nine towns this
academic year, the University External and
Public Relations Bureau said.
Head Jeylan Woliy told WIC that the education
would be given at the centers established in
Harar, Dire Dawa, Jijiga, Asbe-Teferi, Adama,
Asella, Bale-robee, Goba and Shashemene towns.
degree level education would be offered in the
fileds of Agriculture Popularization, Plant
Science, Agricultural Economics, Agriculture,
Mathematics, Geography, Physics, Biology,
Chemistry, English and Oromiffa languages.
DETROIT (Reuters) - Tributes poured in on
Tuesday honoring Rosa Parks, the black woman
whose refusal to give a white man her seat on an
Alabama bus 50 years ago sparked a protest that
helped break racial segregation in America.
the Ethiopian Political Culture
Ghelawdewos Araia October 14,
manipulation and other negative energies with
our political system could be overcome, however
gradual, overtime if we employ the suggestion I
have made in Modernism, Post-Modernism and
Afrocentrism: Meanings for Ethiopia. On top of
the Zara Yacob thesis, however, the Ethiopian
political landscape must observe the rule of law
that in turn guarantees justice and democracy.
To help us further understand what the rule of
law entails, we may want to cite what Pat Duffy
Hutcheon discussed a decade ago in his article
entitled Beyond Right and Left: A Humanist
Approach to Politics:
summarize, in our fast changing world, web based
distance learning or E-learning is becoming
progressively more popular with institutes of
higher education. Online distance education is
one of the technology enhanced ways to teach and
train people who choose not to breach their
professional, familial and personal
responsibilities through attendance of
traditional, face-to-face classes.
September17, 2005- In
countries where there is no democratic
governance or where there is a semblance of
democracy and/or fragile political structure,
the executive dominates politics and operates
above the law; the legislature becomes a rubber
stamp entity and in effect does not legislate.
In such political systems, it is unlikely that
peaceful coexistence and coalition governments
can take place. As stated above, however, we are
trying to provide a foundation for developing
paradigms and conceptual tools whereby future
leaders of Ethiopia can draw a lesson from other
6, 2005- Of course, all Africa’s ills
and drawbacks cannot be attributed to its former
colonizers and detractors. The continent’s
brutal and corrupt leaders are responsible for
Africa’s backwardness. Therefore,
African scholars have a special historical task
to carefully diagnose the world economy,
understand the intricacy and complexity of
globalization, research on and regenerate IKS
and other Africa’s conceptual systems, and
formulate educational and development policies
accordingly. Then and only then can we implement
sustainable development programs and guarantee
the independence and integration of Africa into
the global economy.
competitive in the knowledge era, producing and
maintaining high-level expertise became too
crucial. As the World Bank major policy paper
put it “constructing knowledge societies”
has surfaced as a critical national priority.
More importantly, the Bank has also shifted its
former position in favor of higher education, in
recognition of its significance to national
development. This is a major development for
higher education in the continent.
rights activists say that the prevalence of
abuse is emblematic of the low status of women
in sub-Saharan Africa. Typically less educated,
they work longer hours and transport three times
as much weight as men, hauling firewood, water
and sacks of corn on their heads.
Release No. 8
the Network of Ethiopian Scholars (NES) -
does not open critical political moments easily
and frequently. Such historical moments are rare
especially in countries like Ethiopia where
political change has been for a long time under
the grip of a particularly virulent and violent
authoritarian selection. Like earlier critical
turning points that did not come as mere
accidents, the current opportunities for
democratic transition or dangers for continuing
authoritarian rule often arrive as crystallized
consequences of processes amongst the
multiplicities of possible outcomes
debt relief nor huge amounts of food aid nor an
invasion of experts will change anything. Those
will merely prop up the continent's dictators.
It's up to each nation to liberate itself and to
help itself. When there is a problem in the
United States, in Britain, in France, the
citizens vote to change their leaders. And those
times when it wasn't possible to freely vote to
change those leaders, the people revolted. In
Africa, our leaders have led us into misery, and
we need to rid ourselves of these cancers.
by the apathy and global inattention to the
famine in Ethiopia, he criticized what he
regarded as an overfed, sluggish, bureaucratic
aid establishment. He rallied his friends and
colleagues and they made music. Mr. Geldof
raised millions of dollars, promising that he
would get the money directly to those who needed
opposition should not make a mistake in
underestimating the EPRDF. The ruling party has
reached a vanishing point, but it would not
disappear like a phantasmagoria. The Ethiopian
opposition forces including the United Ethiopian
Democratic Forces (UEDF) and CUD should exhibit
awareness of domestic, regional, and global
politics andmust be ready to shoulder a huge
historical task in mobilizing and organizing the
Ethiopian people.” The message we conveyed
then, however, did not seem to penetrate into
the minds of the opposition.
is no doubt that Ethiopia will be better off
under a new regime that has the backing and full
support of the people, but the new political
regime, as a matter of course, should
demonstrate legitimate power and feature most of
the latter’s component parts. Moreover it
should be proactive and involve the people in
the political process and make sure the
decision-making process is not the monopoly of
few elites or the executive branch of
time for regime change and transformation is on
the horizon, but the opposition should not make
a mistake in underestimating the EPRDF. The
ruling party has reached a vanishing point, but
it would not disappear like a phantasmagoria.
The Ethiopian opposition forces including the
United Ethiopian Democratic Party (UEDP) and CUD
should exhibit great awareness of domestic,
regional, and global politics and must be ready
to shoulder a huge historical task in mobilizing
and organizing the Ethiopian people. Once the
opposition is united along pan-Ethiopian agenda
and manages to undertake its historical mission,
it will win the hearts and minds of the
Ethiopian people, and will win political power
legally and peacefully. That will be the end of
mirage politics, the relegation of Trojan
history into the dustbin of history, and the
beginning of democratic governance in Ethiopia.
Is the Millennium Project Achievable?
Ghelawdewos Araia, Ph.D.
May1, 2005 Sachs
quite correctly argues, “History has shown
that democracy is not a prerequisite for
economic development. On the other hand, a
regime that is despotic, arbitrary, and lawless
will easily destroy the economy.” Between
Rwanda 1994 and Darfur 2004, Africa
unfortunately was torn apart by despotic regimes
at best and lawlessness at worst. For this
apparent reason, one cannot blame the North for
all the failures of the South, but if the South
enjoys good governance and the North is
genuinely willing to support the initiative and
endeavor of the poor nations, the rest is going
to be history.
The Magnificence of
Aksum: Revisiting Ethiopian CivilizationApril 25, 2005
While we extend gratitude to the Italian
Government, despite its initial reluctance and
subsequent lethargy, it is the Ethiopian
people’s perseverance and love for their
history and culture that must be commended very
highly. It is not without reason that David W.
Phillipson, author of Ancient Ethiopia,
reasoned in such a way to depict the Ethiopian
ethos accurately: “profound historical
consciousness and respect for the past is
characteristic of very many Ethiopians. Their
culture preserves strong memories of the past
and there is a long standing tradition of
committing these memories to writing in a form
suitable to prevailing circumstances.”
IDEA, Inc. has great appreciation for the just and
courageous steps undertaken by the Italian Government
to return the Aksum stela to Ethiopia. This diplomatic
move and courtesy in International Relations is a unique exemplary role played
by Italy in modern
history, and it will signal to other
peace-loving nations of the world that conflicts could be resolved
peacefully; that dialogue is the best civil discourse
that can strengthen relations among nations and among peoples. Italy's historic measure in returning the
Aksum stela will further cement the friendship of the Ethiopian and
Italian Peoples. April 22, 2005
Modernism, Post-Modernism and Afrocentrism: Meanings for Ethiopia
By Ghelawdewos Araia April
The recent articles entitled Gebrehiwot
Biakedagn and Eurocentrism by Dr. Messay
Kebede and From Eurocentrism to Ethiocentrism
by Dr. Maimire Mennasemay are very
interesting, provocative and educational to say
the least. It is these kind of thoughtful
articles that I had in mind when I wrote Designing
Continuum to Enrich Ethiopian Educational
Discourse and Debate Culture in September
It is in the latter spirit, and to encourage
other Ethiopian intellectuals to join the club
and “cash in” in the discussion/debate
forum, that I am writing this article.
Congratulates Kofi Annan for his Larger Freedom
at IDEA hope the developed industrialized
nations of the North will seriously consider Anna's
Report and wholeheartedly cooperate in the
meaningful translation of the Millennium
Development Goals into a viable program of
action. In this regard, the North has a special
responsibility to help the poorest nations of
the world realize a modicum of development
programs within the framework of the MDG.
Since the colonization of the Continent in the mid-19th century,
Africa has always been marginalized.
The World Bank/IMF bailout for Asian countries was in excess of trillions of US dollars while
that of Africa was tiny and negligible. While the global response
to Tsunami was tremendous, the thousands upon thousands of
HIV/AIDS victims in Africa did not get the necessary attention. This New York
Times editorial carefully and critically examines Africa's ordeal and
challenges the developed
and prosperous nations to fulfill their obligations in Africa as well.
Institute of Development and Education for
Africa (IDEA), Inc. likes to extend its
heartfelt gratitude to all RPCV who served in
Africa, to the panelists, and to the organizers
of the panel and the exhibition (February 1-
April 7, 2005). IDEA also acknowledges and
appreciates the positive contribution of the PCV
as envisioned by John F. Kennedy in 1961. Indeed
as Robert F. Kennedy once said (and this is
posted on the wall of the lower level of the San
Francisco Main Library) “each time a man
stands up for an ideal, or acts to improve the
lot of others, or strikes out against injustice,
he sends forth a tiny ripple of hope.”
The 'Africa Unite' Rastafarian fever that captivated
world-wide audience and that epitomized
African cultural unity at Meskel Square during the 60th birthday anniversary of Bob Marley is now
presented to us in pictures by the Bob Marley
Foundation. The Institute of Development
and Education for Africa (IDEA), Inc. encourages its subscribers to view and enjoy the landmark musical
festival of February 6, 2005, which has now left an indelible mark
history of Africans and the Diaspora.
anticipation of the decline of textile
industries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), IDEA
presented in many of its editorials and articles
Africa’s place in the global economy (see for
In this editorial, the Institute of Development
and Education for Africa (IDEA), Inc. likes to
delve into the ever-crumbling African garment
and apparel industries.
Araia, Ph.D. What
the Jamaicans where unable to fathom, however,
is by a strange historical irony Bob Marley will
in fact bridge the Diaspora with the home of
their ancestors, Africa in general and Ethiopia
in particular. After all, the African Diaspora
is ought to repatriate physically or
psychologically, or form some kind of bond with
the Continent to reaffirm its Negritude or
African heritage and pride.
IMAGES OF BEAUTIFUL ETHIOPIA.January
The Institute of Development and Education for Africa (IDEA),
Inc. invites its subscribers to view the picture gallery of a French
photographer and encourages viewers to give credit to
the wonderful beautiful Ethiopia. You can either click on the button
images o where it says http://ethiopie.50megs.com/
click here' in French or write to firstname.lastname@example.org
Enjoy your tour!
tragic historical destiny that we encountered in
the last three decades is the unfortunate
decimation of Ethiopian progressive forces by
successive regimes. The Derg unleashed the Red
Terror without ever detecting that heinous
criminals that have effectively hijacked the
revolutionary momentum and deliberately
destroyed the future leaders of Ethiopia
infiltrated it. Adding insult to injury, the
EPRDF, the illegitimate orphan of the Yekatit
Abiot, have also succumbed into an
anti-Ethiopian frenzy although it attempted to
masquerade with some revolutionary slogans
including some sedate plagiarism such as Abyiotawi
Democracy, a forgery from EPRP’s official
papers, namely Abyot and Democracy.
is a direct translation from the Amharic
publication of Hizbawi. IDEA, Inc. is not
responsible for the contentof
it is not in the nature of EPRDF to initiate
reform based on constructive ideas pertaining to
policies. In order to accommodate change based
on citizens’ consultation, the EPRDF first
needs to be free from donors, and if 50% of the
educational budget comes from donors and
lenders, the government could not make
independent decisions. The main problem with
EPRDF is its inability to exhibit independence
in the educational sector.
Institute of Development and Education for
Africa (IDEA) Inc. wishes the prevalence of
peace between the Ethiopian and Eritrean peoples
and strongly supports any peace initiative that
can satisfy the interests of both peoples. The
Ethiopian and Eritrean people are
indistinguishable in their physiognomy,
languages, religions, culture, history, and they
have a common inescapable destiny. The peace
initiative, therefore, should not be aimed at
satisfying one party’s short-term interest,
but go further to unite both peoples.The peace initiative also must transcend
the narrow tunnel vision of ‘surrendering land
for peace.’ The latter initiative would not
bring about peace. On the contrary, it will
exacerbate the conflict and may lead to
permanent quarrel and bloodshed.
major problem Africa encountered in the last
four decades is the inability of its leaders to
translate the many blue prints and development
agendas into action. Admittedly, the countless
OAU (now AU) and ECA meetings were more of talk
shows than workshops. This problem is partly is
caused by lack of committed and visionary
leadership (corruption being its main
manifestation) and partly by the unwillingness
of the North (particularly the G8) to support
Africa’s initiative, however meager, and to
overhaul the respective economies of African
and sub-Saharan Africa have slid deeper into
poverty in the last 20 years, and whereas many
economists stress the failures of local
leadership, Sachs is telling a different story.
In his version, Africa,
through no fault of its own, is trapped. Held
back by geographical impediments like climate,
isolation, it cannot lift itself out of poverty.
What Africa needs, then, is not more scolding
from the West. It needs a ''big push'' -- a
flood of foreign aid -- to boost its prospects
and carry it into the developed world.
Institute of Development and Education for
Africa (IDEA), Inc. likes to congratulate Ato
Daniel Gizaw for his magnum opus, Fikre-Kidus,
a novel based on Ethiopia’s modern
historiography and with focus on the Italo-Ethiopian
war of 1936-1941. The book, written in Amharic,
is a powerful literary work ever produced by an
Ethiopian that authenticates the trials and
tribulations of the Ethiopian people during
their patriotic struggle against Fascist Italian
map of Tigray, as shown below, is entirely
different from the current diminished size of
the State. This map is taken from a 17th century
book entitled Tractatus
Tres Historico-Geographici (1634)
or A Seventeenth Century Historical and
Geographical Account of Tigray, Ethiopia,
authored by Manoel Barradas, a Portuguese
missionary who was stationed in Tigray in 1624.
The book was translated from Portuguese into
English by Elizabeth Filleul and edited by
Richard Pankhurst and republished in 1996 after
362 years of its original publication.
Geta Hiruy Woldeslassie, one of the very
enlightened and visionary Ethiopian statesmen,
was advisor to Emperor Haile Selassie and editor
of Berhan’na Selam (Peace and Light)
newspaper. This African wisdom, written in
Amharic, is extracted from his book entitled Advice
to the Son and in Memory to the Father,
published eighty-seven years ago.
The Eurocentric perspective pertaining to African languages that they are merely spoken and that Africans don’t have scripts to document their history and culture is a preliminary judgment without historical precedent. Unfortunately, many African scholars who were unable to appreciate the unrivaled genius of African invention of alphabets internalize this
biggest question for Africa is whether the
development effort currently under way on the
continent is sustainable.Sustainability broadly defined relates to
the continent’s capacity to absorb global
changes in their various manifestations, while
instituting development programs that are
determined by local needs and which respond to
critical questions of long-term development
strategy, which is people-centered as opposed to
simply catering to interests of global capital.
Further is the question of preserving Africa’s
natural resources and putting them in the
service of African development.
The wise and responsible intellectuals will aim beyond the present and grapple with the possible (and hopefully positive) transformation that will take place in order to improve the welfare of the Ethiopian people. These are the visionaries who will not be distracted by trivial issues and ego trips that demand constant massaging. They have transcended the circle of their beginning and wish to translate a major agenda of development that will ultimately benefit their people
Global Pan African Movement Secretariat most
warmly welcomes the decision of the leaders of
Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania to accelerate
progress towards the East African Federation.
Warmest congratulations to their Excellencies
plethora of United Nations Conference on Trade
and Development (UNCTAD) and World Trade
Organization (WTO) resolutions and rounds, and
Africa’s attempts to get a fair trade,
unforgiving reality dictates that the North, and
more so the G8,are not ready to accommodate Africa’s
are successful when they exhibit an appreciable
degree of educational development, and schools
are successful when students are able to develop
skills and knowledge (with critical inquiry)
that, in turn, enable them to be successful
learners in multivariate, multidisciplinary, and
diverse content areas of education. In this
regard, Ethiopia is lagging behind other African
nations although, in the last half a decade, a
significant measure had been undertaken in the
development of higher education.
Ethiopian culture, with its attendant parables
and folklore, is replete with emphasis on the
significance of education. The Ethiopian psyche
indeed is tainted with prestige attributed to an
educated individual or groups. Reinforcing the
latter modality and depicting its metaphor,
there is nothing parallel to the Tigrigna
proverb which goes on as follows: ‘an
uneducated person cannot salvage &
unpolished mill cannot grind’
Ethiopian African American University (EAAU) is
one major historical event and a bright
spotlight for the future of Ethiopia and Africa
as a whole. The university will play a major
role in the development of higher education in
Ethiopia once it formally began its operations
on the ground and ushers its unlimited potential
to meet the cognitive and affective domains in
education and in all development related areas.
advocacy for African debt cancellation initiated
and led by Africans and non-Africans is to be
commended. In the final analysis, however,
visionary and patriotic African head of states,
within the framework of the African Union (AU),
should come up with a collective measure to undo
African debt once and for all. The AU should
formulate a new blue print of African collective
security that really addresses development
issues by first uniting against the pressing
debt crisis. The new African collective security
should challenge the debt policies of the
donor/lender nations in unison and demand
reparation for Africa’s service to the North,
both in terms of human capital and raw material.
Europeans had free lunch in Africa for decades
following the Berlin conference of 1884/85 that
partitioned the continent among various colonial
IDEA have always believed that a visionary and
patriotic leadership can make a marked
difference in nation building and the welfare of
the popular masses especially if the visions are
translated into action. There is no doubt that
respective African nations and citizens will be
better off if they enjoy the fortune of
visionary, patriotic, committed and abler
leadership. The latter four ingredients are the
necessary components and preconditions for a
meaningful economic and political, as well as
social transformations of African societies.
NOTHING FOR ETHIOPIA May
On April 2003, following the
WTO-sponsored Doha Round deadlock, World Bank
Wolfensohn, expressed concern on the disparity
between the rich and poor nations,
and calls Doha, "dialogue of the
deaf." Almost a year after, that is, on
Bob Geldof and the Jubilee Research at the new
economic foundation (nef) have come up with
analysis of Ethiopia's debt - "Doing
Nothing for Ethiopia" -. IDEA, Inc. believes that visionary
leaders like Wolfensohn and the Bob Geldof
phenomenon must have
contributed to the recent IMF/World Bank as well
as the Paris Club initiative to cancel Ethiopia'
For further information on the Jubilee Research
at nef, please visit http://www.eldis.org/cf/rdr/rdr.cfm?doc=DOC14668
World Bank should seriously rethink its SAP
projects, especially in educational development,
in Africa andmust support the African (Economic
Commission for Africa) initiative known as
African Alternative Framework to Structural
Adjustment Programs for Socio-economic Recovery
and Transformation (AAF-SAP).
Institute of Development and Education for
Africa (IDEA), Inc. will present Profile of
African Universities in an effort to
creating network among prominent African higher
institutions of learning and setting the tone
for exchange of ideas and experiences, as well
as forging educational discourse and dialogue
among the universities. The Profile will
be presented in alphabetical order and will
feature the establishment, mission and
objectives, administration, faculty and programs
of the respective universities.
is the epitome of deteriorating schooling in
Africa as a whole, and as the author aptly puts it,
“the danger signals are all around – in the
crowded townships and the jobless rural areas,
in schools without desks and clinics without
On this Issue: 1.Update on African Development; 2. Update on African Education; 3. The Significance of African Women in Political Leadership; 4. Update on African HIV/AIDS; 5. Globalizing Africa; 6. What is Up With the Indian Ocean Newsletter?
Update on African Development*UNIDO
to the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization (UNIDO), there are some success
stories, exhibited by some African countries, in
small-scale industries. Although these are not
major manufacturing industries, the achievements
scored by African countries is commendable when
examined against the backdrop of the lost
decades of the 1980s and beyond, and more
specifically the achievements underscore the
empowerment of women, the training of skilled
manpower, the creation of jobs, and the
incorporation of appropriate technologies. All
“success stories” are measured in terms of
goal, issue, strategy, and results. Here are
some of the updates:
Training Programme of Women Entrepreneurship
Food Processing, Tanzania.
of the Training and Production Center for the
Shoe Industry, Kenya
US $ 900,000
of funding: IDDA
Development Forum (ADF)
fourth ADF meeting has been rescheduled from
7-11 March to October 2004. According to the
Forum, “the ADF is an initiative led by the
Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) to set up
an Africa-driven development agenda. It is
designed a process of initiating dialogue,
building consensus, and mobilizing partnerships
on emerging issues among Africa’s
A Reinvigorated Commitment
is a USAID initiative for capacity building and
training in southern Sudan. As per the United
States Agency for International Development (USAID),
“the overwhelming need,” in the Sudan “is
to address the long-term development needs in
the South, rather than continuing only
humanitarian assistance.” The goal of the
Initiative is to achieve self-reliance and
self-sufficiency and “the two most significant
needs identified were education and agriculture”
– the USAID Southern Sudan Agricultural
Revitalization Project & the USAID Basic
had a similar project for northern and southern
Ethiopia known as Basic Education System
Overhaul (BESO) in 1994: “an underlying
premise of the BESO program is that reform and
progress throughout the sector will occur, in
part, through an improved and decentralized
education delivery system that effectively and
in a sustainable way provides quality primary
education to a significant proportion of
Ethiopia’s school-aged population.”
on African Education
for All Week 2004 (19-25 April)
in conjunction with the Global Campaign for
Education will lobby for 104 million children
who have no access to education. Activities will
include the visit of children to national
parliaments on 20 April and the creation of a
‘missing out’ map – a regular map of a
neighborhood – showing the houses that have
children not in school. Activities will also
include ‘walk to schools’ from villages to
symbolize distance between schools and the needy
at the Institute of Development and Education
for Africa (IDEA), Inc. wholeheartedly supports
the UNESCO initiative and will solemnly observe
the Education for All Week (EFA), but we will
also curiously follow-up the challenge to the
respective African nations endeavor in this
Significance of African Women in Political
Pan-African Parliament has elected Ms. Gertrude
Ibengwe Mongella, a Tanzanian national, Member
of Parliament and a former teacher, as
president. Ms. Mongella also chaired the 1995 UN
Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing,
his Globalizing Africa and the Commonwealth
(in GLOBALIZINGAFRICA), Ali A. Mazrui
had anticipated ‘a bridge between genders’
by making the following proposal:
There should be gender-reserved seats
for which both candidates and voters
would be women. While this would
reduce electoral choice, it would
increase gender representativeness.
When there is confidence that female
parliamentary candidates would be able
to compete without protection or
reserved of seats, all parliamentary
seats would therefore revert to a
common electoral universal roll, free
according to the International Institute for
Capacity Building Africa (IICBA), the “Women’s
Leadership Programme in Education,” in
Africa was not satisfactory: “despite a
decade of rhetoric regarding the key role of
women in all the areas and level of
development in Africa, statistical evidence
demonstrates that the number of women senior
decision-making positions in Africa has not
improved significantly.” The IICBA
provides important statistical data to
reinforce it’s finding: “In the area of
education, girls and women are much more
seriously disadvantaged than boys and men.
In Sub-Saharan Africa, 52.0% of women are
literate as compared to 68.9% men in 1997
and this literacy gap will only diminish
slightly by 2005 according to UNESCO
estimates. At primary school level only
88.4% of girls as compared to 96.2% of boys
are enrolled. At secondary school level,
only 22.4% of girls as compared to 26.4% of
boys are at school. Tertiary education
enrolments show a similar disparity with
2.8% of women as compared to 5.1% of men in
the relevant age group…”
on African HIV/AIDS
Inc. has high regard for the noble initiative
taken by the United Nations Development Program
(UNDP) and the International Institute for
Capacity Building Africa (IICBA) to combat
HIV/AIDS in Africa through education. More
specifically, the program will use the power of
information technology including distance
learning and telemedicine. For some time now,
the IICBA has been using the Information and
Communication Technologies (ICIs) Programme.
Under this program, the Institute had employed
the Edukiosk Pilot Project (Worldspace Direct
Media Services) to enhance and monitor some of
its programs in Ethiopia including the
Debrebirhan Teacher Training College, Bahirdar
University, Dilla College of Teacher Training
& Health Sciences, and Adama Teacher
administrator Mark Malloch Brown met with
African political, business, and civic leaders
on the first week of March, 2004 in Botswana,
Malawi, and Zambia to present the Southern
African Capacity Initiative (SACI). The
blessed-heart CEO of Microsoft, Mr. Bill Gates,
is also partner in the Initiative.
Inc. also hails the upcoming Second CHGA
Commissioners’ Meeting in Maputo, Mozambique
on 23-25 March 2004. CHGA stands for Commission
on HIV/AIDS and Governance in Africa.
Africa is a new book edited by Malinda Smith
and put out by Africa World Press. This
voluminous book that runs into 594 pages was
published in December 2003 and became available
for readers as of first week of March. The book
is a magnum opus ever compiled by African
scholars who critically examine and analyze in
depth important and timely issues such as
democracy, human rights, gender issues, global
economy, environment, infrastructure,
agriculture, literature, conflict, and peace.
I: Democracy, Human Rights and Peace
Representations of Postcolonial Africa, MalindaS.Smith
Globalizing Africa and the Commonwealth, AliA. Mazrui
Africa and the Invention of Democracy, DanielM. MengaraandVicrtoriaTietzeLarson
Legacies of Slavery, Promises of Democracy:
Mauritania in the Twenty-first Century, E.
AnnMcDougall, MeskeremBrhane and UrsPeterRuf
Gender Politics in South Africa: Rights,
Needs, and Democratic Consolidation, ShireenHassim
The Crisis of the Nigerian State: Paradoxes
of the Local and Global, OlufemiVaughan
Sierra Leone: Between the Prison-Houses of
Nationalism and Transnationalism, SandraRein
Humanitarian Intervention in Africa: Rwanda
and Liberia, Francis KofiAbiew
The Problem of Sharing Power: Inclusive
Peace Agreements in Africa, IanSpears
II: Africa in the Global Economy
Globalization, Socialism, and Political
Science Fiction, JohnS.Saul
Africa in the Global Economy: Aid, Debt, and
Agency, Space, and Power: The Geometrics of
Postconflict Development, LisaBornsteinandWilliamMunro
Zimbabwe: Twists on the Tale of Primitive
Accumulation, David Moore
South Africa and Regionalization of Southern
Africa, Olusoji Akomolafe
Adjustment and Enterprise in Africa: An
Historical Perspective, Adella Abdou
Structural Adjustment and Stabilization in
Sub-Saharan Africa, Ifeanyi C. Ezeonu
Structural Adjustment and Democratization in
Zambia, Julius O. Ihonvbere
Political Economy of Dictatorship and
Democracy in Nigeria, Pita O. Agbese
Gender and the Social Dimensions of IMF
Policies in Senegal, Yassine Fall
Globalization of Agriculture: Lessons from
Ghana, Korbala Peter Puplampu
Africa’s Environmental Challenges into the
Twenty-first Century, Emmanuel Mapfumo
III: Education and Culture
Indigenous Knowledge, the African Renaissance,
and the Integration of
Systems, Catherine A. Odara Hoppers
African Scholarship and Academic
Infrastructure: Engendering New Approaches, Philomena
Globalization, Entrepreneurship Education, and
African Youth, Eunice Kanyi
The Knowledge-Based Economy and Higher
Education in Sub-Saharan Africa, Mambo Tabu
Universities in Times of National Crisis: The
Cases of Rwanda and Burundi, Bruce Janz
Narrative, Politics, and Postcolonial Film
Practices in Sub-Saharan Africa, Jerry
The Globalization of African Literature:
Continuity, Change, and Adaptability
African Literatures in the Year 2050, George
Remembering, Forgetting, and the Road to
Reconciliation, Kenneth Christie
can obtain the book from Africa World Press by
calling (609) 695-3200 or email@example.com
is Up With the Indian Ocean Newsletter?
of IDEA, Inc. have alerted us on the Indian
Ocean Newsletter (ION) of March 6, 2004 that
carried a piece on the Institute of
Development and Education for Africa. To our
surprise, the ION news item is a deliberate
cynical distortion bent with stupidity. Here
is how the ION puts it:
Tigrayan NGO on the Internet”
Institute of Development and Education for
Africa (idea), an NGO based in the United
States, has just begun an Internet site
created by Ghelawdewos Araia, an adjunct
professor at the African Studies Department of
New York University.”
have no knowledge of the ION editorial and
management group. It is, after all, a covert
intelligence network. However, there are
minimum standards in journalism that are
conventionally employed by reputed as well as
modest news organizations. It seems to us that
the ION does not follow any ethical standards.
Like some journalistic vultures, it has
attempted to paint a negative image to IDEA.
The name of our Institute is self-explanatory
and it does not require a genius to figure out
the mission and objectives of IDEA. There is
no way IDEA could become a Tigrayan NGO,
unless the disgruntled Executive Outcomes
minus guns think that one’s nationality
automatically converts an organization into an
ethnic-based association. It is tantamount to
saying that the UN has turned into an African
NGO following Kofi Anan’s appointment as